Herodian


Herodian
/heuh roh"dee euhn/, adj.
1. of or pertaining to Herod the Great, his family, or its partisans.
n.
2. a partisan of the house of Herod.
3. a member of a political group that supported the dynasty of Herod and opposed Jesus.
[ < LL (Vulgate) Herodiani (pl.); see HEROD, -IAN]

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▪ Greek grammarian
in full  Aelius Herodianus , byname  Herodianus Technicus  
flourished 2nd century AD

      Greek grammarian of Alexandria who is important primarily for his work on Greek accents.

      A son of the grammarian Apollonius Dyscolus, Herodian settled in Rome under the emperor Marcus Aurelius, to whom he dedicated a treatise on accentuation and quantity entitled Katholikē prosōdia (“General Prosody”). Extracts from it survive. His Peri monerous lexeos (“On Anomalous Words”), a discourse in which he disputes his father's position on analogy, survives complete, and the titles of about 30 other works by him are known, though only a few extracts from them survive. A number of spurious and doubtful works were also attributed to him.

▪ Jewish history
      one of a party of influential Jewish supporters of the Herodian dynasty (c. 55 BC–c. AD 93), which ruled in all or parts of Palestine and neighbouring areas. Noted in the New Testament as opponents of Jesus, they probably were not a political party or a religious sect. They probably favoured the policies of Herod Antipas, who was tetrarch of Galilee and Peraea (4 BC–AD 39) and a strong promoter of Hellenistic (Greco-Roman) culture in Palestine. It seems likely that they rejected the messianic hopes of the people and thus united with the Pharisees in attempts to entrap Jesus into making anti-Roman statements.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Herodian — Herodian, Herodianos oder Herodianus (* wohl um 178; † um 250 [?]) war ein griechischsprachiger römischer Geschichtsschreiber des ausgehenden Prinzipats. Er stammte vermutlich aus Syrien oder Kleinasien und war vielleicht ein kaiserlicher… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herodian — He*ro di*an, n. (Jewish Hist.) One of a party among the Jews, composed of partisans of Herod of Galilee. They joined with the Pharisees against Christ. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Herodian — Herodian, der letzte beachtenswerthe Geschichtschreiber der Griechen vor der christlich byzantin. Zeit, soll 170 nach Chr. geb., lange als Beamter in Rom gewesen und um 240 gest. sein. Spät schrieb er in 8 B. die Geschichte von Marc Aurels Tod… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Herodian — For the grammarian, see Aelius Herodianus. For the dynasty, see Herodian Dynasty. Herodian or Herodianus of Syria (ca. 170 240) was a minor Roman civil servant who wrote a colourful Roman History in eight books for the years 180 to 238. His work… …   Wikipedia

  • herodian — I. hə̇ˈrōdēən, heˈ noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: Middle English, from Late Latin Herodianus, from Herodes (Herod) died 4 B.C. king of Judea + Latin ianus ian : a member of a political party of biblical times c …   Useful english dictionary

  • Herodian —    See Theognostos …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • herodian — he·ro·di·an …   English syllables

  • Herodian — /hɛˈroʊdiən/ (say he rohdeeuhn) adjective 1. relating to Herod the Great, his family, or its partisans. –noun 2. a partisan of Herod the Great …   Australian English dictionary

  • Herodian coinage — are coins minted and issued by the Herodian Dynasty, Jews of Idumean descent who ruled the province of Judaea between 37 BC–92 AD. The dynasty was founded by Herod the Great who was the son of Antipater, a powerful official under the Hasmonean… …   Wikipedia

  • Herodian architecture — is a style of classical architecture characteristic of the numerous building projects undertaken during the reign (37 BC 4 BC) of Herod the Great, the Roman client king of Judea. Herod undertook many colossal building projects, most famously his… …   Wikipedia


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