hermitage


hermitage
/herr"mi tij/ or, for 3, /er'mi tahzh"/, n.
1. the habitation of a hermit.
2. any secluded place of residence or habitation; retreat; hideaway.
3. (cap.) a palace in Leningrad built by Catherine II and now used as an art museum.
[1250-1300; ME < OF. See HERMIT, -AGE]

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in full  State Hermitage,  Russian  Gosudarstvenny Ermitazh 

      art museum in St. Petersburg founded in 1764 by Catherine the Great (Catherine II) as a court museum. It adjoined the Winter Palace and served as a private gallery for the art amassed by the empress. Under Nicholas I the Hermitage was reconstructed (1840–52), and it was opened to the public in 1852. Following the October Revolution of 1917, the imperial collections became public property. The museum is housed within five interconnected buildings, including the Winter Palace (1754–62) and the Small, Old, and New Hermitages.

      The Hermitage has a rich collection of western European painting since the Middle Ages, including many masterpieces by Renaissance Italian and Baroque Dutch, Flemish, and French painters. Russian art is well represented. The Hermitage also has extensive holdings of Oriental art, especially noteworthy being its collection of the art of Central Asia.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Hermitage — Her mit*age (?; 48), n. [OE. hermitage, ermitage, F. hermitage, ermitage. See {Hermit}.] 1. The habitation of a hermit; a secluded residence. [1913 Webster] Some forlorn and naked hermitage, Remote from all the pleasures of the world. Shak. [1913 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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