Heliopolis


Heliopolis
/hee'lee op"euh lis/, n.
1. Biblical name, On. an ancient ruined city in N Egypt, on the Nile delta.
2. ancient Greek name of Baalbek.

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Ancient holy city, Egypt.

The city, which is now mainly ruins lying northeast of Cairo, was the seat of worship of the Egyptian sun god Ra. Its great temple of Ra was second in size only to that of Amon at Thebes, and its priesthood wielded great influence. In the New Kingdom, the temple became the repository of royal records. The city's surviving monument is the obelisk of Sesostris I, the oldest in existence. Two obelisks erected there by Thutmose III and known as Cleopatra's Needles now stand on the Thames River embankment in London and in Central Park, New York City.

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▪ ancient city, Egypt
(Greek), Egyptian  Iunu  or  Onu (“Pillar City”) , biblical  On 

      one of the most ancient Egyptian cities and the seat of worship of the sun god, Re. It was the capital of the 15th nome of Lower Egypt, but Heliopolis was important as a religious rather than a political centre. During the New Kingdom (Egypt, ancient) (c. 1539–1075 BCE) its great temple of Re was second in size only to that of Amon at Thebes, and its priesthood wielded great influence, particularly during the 5th dynasty (Egypt, ancient) (c. 2465–c. 2325 BCE), when the worship of Re became the state cult.

      Little remains today of this great ancient Egyptian (Egypt, ancient) city. The sole surviving monument is the obelisk of Sesostris I, the oldest obelisk in existence. Of the pair of obelisks erected by Thutmose III in Heliopolis, now known as Cleopatra's Needles, one stands on the Thames (Thames, River) embankment in London and the other in Central Park, in New York City.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • HELIOPOLIS — (Gr., meaning city of the sun ; Egyptian, Iunu; Heb., On), ancient city of lower Egypt situated about six miles N. of Cairo on the site of the modern village of El Matariyah. From earliest times Heliopolis was the cult center for the worship of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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  • Heliopŏlis — (gr., Sonnenstadt, a. Geogr.), 1) der griechische Name der Stadt Baalbek, s.d.; 2) (ägypt. On, in der Bibel Beth Schemesch), Stadt in Unterägypten, östlich vom Nil, an dem Kanal, welcher den Nil mit dem Arabischen Meerbusen verband, mit berühmtem …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Heliópolis — fue una importante ciudad del Antiguo Egipto, capital del nomo 13 del Bajo Egipto. La ciudad estaba situada al noroeste de la actual ciudad de El Cairo, cerca de donde se encuentra hoy en día el aeropuerto, un poco alejada de la orilla occidental …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Heliopolis — [hē΄lē äp′ə lis] [Gr Hēliopolis, lit., city of the sun < hēlios (see HELIOS) + polis, city] 1. ancient city in the Nile delta, just north of where Cairo now stands: center for the worship of the sun god Ra 2. ancient city on the site of modern …   English World dictionary

  • Heliopŏlis — (»Sonnenstadt«), 1) altägypt. Stadt, 8 km nordöstlich von Kairo, deren Trümmer bei dem Dorfe Matarîje liegen; ägyptisch hieß sie Onu, hebräisch On. Der Lokalgott der Stadt war Atum (s. d.), der sich dort in einem Stier offenbarte; er wurde… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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