hearing


hearing
hearingless, adj.
/hear"ing/, n.
1. the faculty or sense by which sound is perceived.
2. the act of perceiving sound.
3. opportunity to be heard: to grant a hearing.
4. an instance or a session in which testimony and arguments are presented, esp. before an official, as a judge in a lawsuit.
5. a preliminary examination of the basic evidence and charges by a magistrate to determine whether criminal procedures, a trial, etc., are justified.
6. earshot: Their conversation was beyond my hearing.
[1175-1225; ME; see HEAR, -ING1]
Syn. 4. audience, conference, consultation.

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I
In law, a trial, or more specifically the formal examination of a cause before a judge according to the laws of the land.

In popular usage the term often refers to a formal proceeding before a magistrate prior to the inception of a case, and in particular to a preliminary hearing, where a magistrate or judge determines whether the evidence justifies proceeding with the case.
II

Physiological process of perceiving sound.

Hearing entails the transformation of sound vibrations into nerve impulses, which travel to the brain and are interpreted as sounds. Members of two animal groups, arthropods and vertebrates, are capable of sound reception. Hearing enables an animal to sense danger, locate food, find mates, and, in more complex creatures, engage in communication (see animal communication). All vertebrates have two ears, often with an inner chamber housing auditory hair cells (papillae) and an outer eardrum that receives and transmits sound vibrations. Localization of sound depends on the recognition of minute differences in intensity and in the time of arrival of the sound at the two ears. Sound reception in mammals is generally well developed and often highly specialized, as in bats and dolphins, which use echolocation, and whales and elephants, which can hear mating calls from tens or even hundreds of miles away. Dogs and other canines can similarly detect faraway sounds. The human ear can detect frequencies of 20–20,000 hertz (Hz); it is most sensitive to those between 1,000 and 3,000 Hz. Impulses travel along the central auditory pathway from the cochlear nerve to the medulla to the cerebral cortex. Hearing may be impaired by disease, injury, or old age; some disorders, including deafness, may be congenital. See also hearing aid.

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      in biology, physiological process of perceiving sound. See ear (ear, human); mechanoreception; perception; sound reception.

law
      in law, a trial. More specifically, a hearing is the formal examination of a cause, civil or criminal, before a judge according to the laws of a particular jurisdiction. In common usage a hearing also refers to any formal proceeding before a court. In reference to criminal procedure a hearing refers to a proceeding before a magistrate subsequent to the inception of the case and without a jury—especially a preliminary hearing, in which a magistrate or judge, in the presence of the accused, determines whether there is sufficient evidence to justify proceeding with the case.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • hearing — hear‧ing [ˈhɪərɪŋ ǁ ˈhɪr ] noun [countable] a meeting of a court or special committee to find out the facts about a case: • A court hearing is unlikely before the end of next year. confirˈmation ˌhearing 1. in the US, a hearing to approve the… …   Financial and business terms

  • Hearing — Hear ing, n. 1. The act or power of perceiving sound; perception of sound; the faculty or sense by which sound is perceived; as, my hearing is good. [1913 Webster] I have heard of thee by the hearing of the ear. Job xlii. 5. [1913 Webster] Note:… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hearing — hearing, audience, audition all mean a formal opportunity to be heard by persons having authority to question or the power of decision. Hearing is not only the general word applicable to such an opportunity not only to be literally heard but to… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Hearing — may refer to: * Hearing (sense), the sense by which sound is perceived * Hearing (person), a person who has hearing within normal parameters * Hearing (law), a legal proceeding before a court or other decision making body or officeree also*Hear …   Wikipedia

  • Hearing — bezeichnet eine Anhörung durch ein Gremium. Um die Anhörung in diesem Sinn von der Anhörung im rechtlichen Sinn zu trennen, wird vor allem in der Praxis von Politik, Politikberatung und Lobbyarbeit oft der englische Begriff Hearing verwendet.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hearing — Sn Anhörung per. Wortschatz fach. (20. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ne. hearing, einem Abstraktum von ne. hear hören .    Ebenso nndl. hearing, nschw. hearing, nnorw. høring. Zur deutschen Verwandtschaft s. hören. ✎ Carstensen 2 (1994), 629 631 …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • hearing — [n1] ability to perceive sound audition, auditory, auditory range, detecting, distinguishing, ear, earshot, effect, extent, faculty, hearing distance, listening, perception, range, reach, recording, sense; concept 597 hearing [n2] opportunity to… …   New thesaurus

  • hearing — ► NOUN 1) the faculty of perceiving sounds. 2) the range within which sounds may be heard; earshot. 3) an opportunity to state one s case: a fair hearing. 4) an act of listening to evidence, especially a trial before a judge without a jury …   English terms dictionary

  • hearing — [hir′iŋ] n. [ME heringe: see HEAR] 1. the act or process of perceiving sounds 2. the sense by which sounds are perceived 3. an opportunity to speak, sing, etc.; chance to be heard 4. a) a court appearance before a judge or court referee, other… …   English World dictionary

  • Hearing — Hearing,das:⇨Anhörung …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme


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