/ha noy", heuh-/, n.a city in and the capital of Vietnam, in the N part, on the Songka River. 1,443,500.
* * *City (pop., 1993 est: 2,154,900), capital of Vietnam.Located in northern Vietnam on the western bank of the Red River, it became the capital of Vietnam's Ly dynasty in 1010. It was the main capital of Vietnam until 1802, when the Nguyen dynasty transferred the capital south to Hue. Under French rule, Hanoi again became an important administrative centre, and in 1902 it was made the capital of French Indochina. It became the capital of North Vietnam after the French defeat in 1954. During the Vietnam War, many of its monuments and palaces were destroyed by U.S. bombing. As the capital of a united Vietnam since 1975, it has steadily been rebuilt and its industrial base has grown.
* * *▪ Vietnamcapital, from 1976, of Vietnam; capital, 1954–76, of North Vietnam; and former capital of French Indochina. The city is situated in northern Vietnam on the western bank of the Red River, about 85 miles (140 km) inland from the South China Sea.The region around modern Hanoi was settled in prehistoric times, and the location was often chosen as a political centre by Chinese conquerors. In 1010 Ly Thai To, the first ruler of the Ly dynasty (1009–1225) of Vietnam, chose the site of Hanoi for his capital. It remained the main capital of Vietnam until 1802, when the last Vietnamese dynasty, the Nguyen, transferred the capital south to Hue. The name Dong Kinh, given to the city during the Later Le dynasty (1428–1787), became corrupted by Europeans to Tonquin; during the French-colonial period (1883–1945) the name Tonkin was used to refer to the entire region. In 1831 the city of Dong Kinh was renamed Ha Noi (“City Between Two Rivers”) by the Nguyen Dynasty.Under French rule, Hanoi again became an important administrative centre. In 1902 it was made the capital of French Indochina. This was due in large part to Tonkin's proximity to southern China, where the French sought to expand their influence, and also to Tonkin's mineral resources. Hanoi remained the administrative centre during the Japanese occupation (1940–45) of the territory.In August 1945, following the Japanese surrender, the Viet Minh under the leadership of Ho Chi Minh seized power in Hanoi, and the city was established as the capital of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. The French, however, reasserted their control over Hanoi from 1946 until their defeat at Dien Bien Phu on May 7, 1954. Shortly thereafter Hanoi became the capital of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam).During the Vietnam War, the bombing of Hanoi by the United States in 1965, 1968, and 1972 caused massive damage. Following the collapse of South Vietnam on April 30, 1975, North Vietnam extended its control over all of Vietnam. On July 2, 1976, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam was proclaimed, and Hanoi was established as its capital.Many of Hanoi's centuries-old monuments and palaces have been destroyed by foreign aggression and civil war, but there remain several historical and scenic points. Among the latter is Lake Hoan Kiem (“Lake of the Restored Sword”). Historical sites include the Co Loa citadel, dating from the 3rd century BC; the Temple of Literature (1070), dedicated to Confucius; the Mot Cot (“One-Pillar”) Pagoda (1049); and the Temple of the Trung Sisters (1142). The University of Hanoi, the Revolutionary Museum, the Army Museum, and the National Museum are important cultural institutions.Since 1954 Hanoi has been transformed from a primarily commercial city into an industrial and agricultural centre. Manufactures include machine tools, electric generators and motors, plywood, textiles, chemicals, and matches. Rice, vegetables, cereals, and industrial crops are grown in the surrounding area.Hanoi is also a communications centre. Roads link Hanoi with other major Vietnamese cities, and railway lines provide access to its port of Haiphong; to K'un-ming in Yunnan province, China; and to Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon). Small ocean-going vessels can sail to Hanoi on the Red River, and many small rivers are navigable from the capital to most parts of northern Vietnam. Hanoi has two airports. Pop. (2004 est.) 1,420,400.
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Hanoi — Thành phố Hà Nội Centrally governed city Clockwise from top: Turtle Tower in Hoan Kiem Lake, in central Hanoi; … Wikipedia
Hanoi — Stadt Siegel … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hanói — Torre de la Tortuga … Wikipedia Español
Hanoi — Hanoï Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hanoï (homonymie). Hanoï Administration Pays … Wikipédia en Français
HANOÏ — Capitale de la république démocratique du Vietnam, la ville (1 088 862 hab. en 1989) est située à la tête du delta du Sông Koi (fleuve Rouge), sur la rive droite du fleuve. La position de Hanoï la rend vulnérable aux inondations, et des digues… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Hanoi — es la ciudad capital de Vietnam. Tiene una población estimada de 3.500.800 habitantes. Anteriormetne fue la capital de Vietnam del Norte de 1954 a 1976. La ciudad se encuentra ubicada en la orilla derecha del río Rojo. Su industria incluye la… … Enciclopedia Universal
Hanói — Dado que el nombre de esta ciudad de Vietnam es transcripción de una lengua escrita en alfabeto no latino, debe someterse a las reglas de acentuación gráfica del español y escribirse con tilde, por ser voz aguda acabada en vocal (→ tilde2, 1.1.1… … Diccionario panhispánico de dudas
Hanoi — [ha noi′, hänoi′] capital of Vietnam, in the N part: pop. 2,571,000 … English World dictionary
Hanoi — (Kescho, »Markt«), Hauptstadt der franz. Kolonie Tongking u. der Provinz H. (1900: 590,021 Einw.), seit 1902 (an Stelle von Saigon), auch von ganz Französisch Indochina, unter 21°2´ nördl. Br. und 105°45´ östl. L., am linken Ufer des Songkoi, 175 … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Hanoi — (izg. Hànoj) m pristanište na Crvenoj rijeci i glavni grad Vijetnama … Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika
Hanoi — city in northern Vietnam, from Vietnamese Hà Nôi, lit. River Inside, from hà river + nôi inside. So called in reference to its situation in a bend of the Red River. Known 18c. as Dong Kinh Eastern Capital, which was corrupted by Europeans into… … Etymology dictionary