Hakodate


Hakodate
/hah"kaw dah"te/, n.
a seaport on S Hokkaido, in N Japan. 320,152.

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Japan
      city, southern Hokkaido ken (prefecture), Japan, on the Tsugaru-kaikyō (Tsu garu Strait) between Hokkaido and Honshu. The city is built along the northwestern base of a rocky promontory that forms the eastern boundary of a spacious, naturally sheltered harbour. Until the mid-18th century, Hakodate remained in the hands of the Ainu in spite of various attempts by the Japanese government to gain control of the port. In 1789 it was made a base for Japanese deep-sea fishing, which led to its prosperity. Goryokaku, a Western-style fort later converted to a park, was built soon after Hakodate opened to international trade in the 19th century. Russians built a Byzantine-style church in 1859. Mount Hakodate (1,100 feet [335 m]) rises to the southwest; on its eastern slope are a municipal library and museum, the latter devoted to the Ainu and Nivkh (formerly Gilyak) peoples. In the east are Yunokawa Spa (one of the oldest hot-spring resorts on the island) and the only Trappist convent for women in Japan (1898).

      Hakodate was long regarded as the capital of Hokkaido. It declined after World War II but remained an important point of transit between Hokkaido and Honshu: an airport was established there in the early 1960s, and in 1988 the Seikan Tunnel was completed beneath the Tsugaru Strait, linking Hakodate with Homori on Honshu. The city's principal industries are tourism and the cultivation and processing of salmon and seaweed. Inc. city, 1922. Pop. (2005) 294,264.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Hakodate — shi 函館市 Geographische Lage in Japan …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Hakodate — Hakodate, für den Fremdhandel offene Hafenstadt in der japan. Provinz Oshima, auf der Südspitze der Insel Jeso, unter 41°46´ nördl. Br., an der Tsugarustraße und einer geräumigen schönen Bucht, hat einen großen, vortrefflichen, befestigten Hafen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hakodate — Hakodate, Kenhauptstadt in der ehemal. japan. Prov. Oshima, an der Südküste der Insel Jesso, an der Tsugarustraße, (1904) 13.541 E.; Hafen mit Fort …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hakodate — • Comprises the six northern provinces of the island of Nippon, the island of Yezo, and the Kurile Islands, as well as the administration of the southern part of the island of Saghalin, which still belongs to the Diocese of Mohilev Catholic… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Hakodate — [hä΄kō dä′tā] seaport on the SW coast of Hokkaido, Japan: pop. 301,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Hakodate — Original name in latin Hakodate Name in other language HKD, Hakodate, Hokodate, Khakodate, ha ko da tea, hakodate si, hakwdath, han guan shi, Хакодате State code JP Continent/City Asia/Tokyo longitude 41.77583 latitude 140.73667 altitude 5… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • hakodate — ˌhäkəˈdäd.ā adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Hakodate, Japan : of or from the city of Hakodate, Japan : of the kind or style prevalent in Hakodate …   Useful english dictionary


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