/hah gah nah"/, n.the underground Jewish militia in Palestine (1920-48) that became the national army of Israel after the partition of Palestine in 1948.[ < ModHeb hagana lit., defense, Heb hagannah]
* * *(1920–48) Zionist military organization.It was organized to combat the attacks of Palestinian Arabs on Jewish settlements, and it effectively defended them despite being outlawed by the British authorities and being poorly armed. Through World War II (1939–45) its activities were moderate by contrast with more extreme Zionist militias, but it turned to terrorism after the war when the British refused to permit unlimited Jewish immigration to Palestine. In 1947 it clashed openly with British forces and with the forces of the Palestinian Arabs and their allies. When Israel became a state in 1948, Haganah became the core of its national army. See also Irgun Zvai Leumi.
* * *▪ Zionist military organization(Hebrew: “Defense”), Zionist military organization representing the majority of the Jews in Palestine from 1920 to 1948. Organized to combat the revolts of Palestinian Arabs against the Jewish settlement of Palestine, it early came under the influence of the Histadrut (“General Federation of Labour”). Although it was outlawed by the British Mandatory authorities and was poorly armed, it managed effectively to defend Jewish settlements.The Haganah's activities were moderate, at least until the end of World War II, in accord with the organized Jewish community's policy of havlaga (“self-restraint”); it opposed the political philosophy and terrorist activities of the Irgun Zvai Leumi and the Stern Gang. The general membership of the Haganah served on a part-time basis; in 1941, a full-time commando force, the Palmach (Hebrew acronym for Pluggot Machatz, “Shock Companies”) was organized. After World War II, when the British refused to open Palestine to unlimited Jewish immigration, the Haganah turned to terrorist activities, bombing bridges, rail lines, and ships used to deport “illegal” Jewish immigrants.After the United Nations' decision to partition Palestine (1947), the Haganah came into the open as the defense force of the Jewish state; it clashed openly with British forces and successfully overcame the military forces of the Palestinian Arabs and their allies. By the time of the creation of the State of Israel (1948) the Haganah controlled not only most of the settled areas allocated to Israel by the partition but also such Arab cities as ʿAkko (Acre) and Yafo (Jaffa). By order of the provisional government of Israel (May 31, 1948) the Haganah as a private organization was dissolved and became the national army of the state. Its name is perpetuated in the official name of the Israeli armed services, Tzva Haganah le-Yisraʾel (“Israel Defense Forces”).
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HAGANAH — (Heb. הַגָּנָה), the underground military organization of the yishuv in Ereẓ Israel from 1920 to 1948. The idea of establishing a defense organization that would protect the yishuv throughout Ereẓ Israel was born during the Ottoman period. The… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Haganah — (הגנה) signifie « défense » en hébreu. Il s’agit d’une organisation clandestine sioniste créée en 1920, qui se voulait une force de protection pour les Juifs ayant émigré en Palestine. Son but originel était de défendre les communautés… … Wikipédia en Français
Haganah — (Hebrew: The Defense , ההגנה) was a Jewish paramilitary organization in what was then the British Mandate of Palestine from 1920 to 1948, which later became the core of the Israel Defense Forces.OriginsThe predecessor of Haganah was Hashomer… … Wikipedia
HAGANAH — Un des termes clefs du sionisme «pratique» (à distinguer du «spirituel»), le mot hébreu haganah («défense», «protection») désigne une attitude et un programme qui viennent après l’immigration (aliyah ) et l’implantation sur le sol (hityashvout ) … Encyclopédie Universelle
Haganah — [hebräisch »Selbstschutz«] die, , stärkste militärische Organisation der Juden im britischen Mandat Palästina, gegründet 1920 zum Schutz der isolierten jüdischen Siedlungen gegen die arabischen Übergriffe, ging bei der Gründung des Staates… … Universal-Lexikon
Haganah — (Hagānāh) ► HISTORIA Nombre con que se designaba la organización paramilitar de los judíos de Palestina antes de que se creara el Estado de Israel. Su organización empezó a ser activa en 1917. Tras la formación del estado de Israel se integró en… … Enciclopedia Universal
Haganah — Die Hagana (hebr.: ההגנה ha hagana „Die Verteidigung“) war eine zionistische paramilitärische Untergrundorganisation in Palästina während des britischen Mandats (1920–1948). Später wurde die Hagana in die neu gegründeten israelischen Streitkräfte … Deutsch Wikipedia
Haganah — Jewish self defence militia under British Mandate … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Haganah — D✓Ha|ga|nah, Ha|ga|na, die; <hebräisch> (Vorläufer der israelischen Nationalarmee) … Die deutsche Rechtschreibung
Haganah — noun the clandestine military wing of the Jewish leadership during the British rule over the mandate of Palestine from 1920 to 1948; became the basis for the Israeli defense force • Regions: ↑Israel, ↑State of Israel, ↑Yisrael, ↑Zion, ↑Sion •… … Useful english dictionary