Hades


Hades
Hadean /hay dee"euhn, hay"dee euhn/, adj.
/hay"deez/, n.
1. Class. Myth.
a. the underworld inhabited by departed souls.
b. the god ruling the underworld; Pluto.
2. (in the Revised Version of the New Testament) the abode or state of the dead.
3. (often l.c.) hell.
[1590-1600]

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Greek god of the underworld.

He was also known as Pluto; his Roman equivalent was Dis. Hades was the son of the Titans Rhea and Cronus and the brother of Zeus and Poseidon. His queen was Persephone, the daughter of Demeter, whom he kidnapped from earth and carried off to the underworld. Stern and pitiless, unmoved by prayer or sacrifice, he presided over the trial and punishment of the wicked after death. His name was also sometimes used to designate the dwelling place of the dead, and it later became a synonym for Hell.

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      in the Greek Old Testament, translation of the Hebrew Sheol, the dwelling place of the dead. See hell.

Greek  Aïdes (“the Unseen”),  also called  Pluto, or Pluton 
 (“the Rich”), in Greek religion, son of the Titans Cronus and Rhea, and brother of the deities Zeus and Poseidon. After Cronus was killed, the kingdom of the underworld fell by lot to Hades. There he ruled with his queen, Persephone, over the infernal powers and over the dead, in what was often called “the House of Hades,” or simply Hades. Though he supervised the trial and punishment of the wicked after death, he was not normally one of the judges in the underworld; nor did he personally torture the guilty, a task assigned to the Furies (Erinyes). Hades was depicted as stern and pitiless, unmoved (like death itself) by prayer or sacrifice. Forbidding and aloof, he never quite emerges as a distinct personality from the shadowy darkness of his realm, not even in the myth of his abduction of Persephone (q.v.).

      He was usually worshiped under a euphemistic epithet such as Clymenus (“the Illustrious”) or Eubuleus (“the Giver of Good Counsel”). He was often called Zeus, with the addition of a special title (e.g., chthonios). His title Pluto, or Pluton (“the Wealthy One,” or “the Giver of Wealth”), may have originated through Hades' partial amalgamation with a god of the earth's fertility, or because he gathered all living things into his treasury at death.

      The word Hades is used in the Greek Old Testament to translate the Hebrew word sheol, denoting a dark region of the dead. Tartarus, originally an abyss far below Hades and the place of punishment in the lower world, later lost its distinctness and became almost a synonym for Hades.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • HADÈS — Quand les trois fils de Kronos se partagèrent au sort l’empire de l’Univers, Hadès se vit attribuer le monde souterrain, le Tartare, ou les Enfers, et devint ainsi le «Seigneur des morts», tandis que Zeus recevait le ciel et Poséidon la mer.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • hades — HÁDES s.n. (livr.) Infern. – Din fr. hadès. Trimis de gall, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  Hádes (infern) s. pr. n. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  HÁDES s.n. (Liv.) Infern (în mi …   Dicționar Român

  • Hades — Ha des (h[=a] d[=e]z), n. [Gr. a ,dhs, A idhs; a priv. + idei^n to see. Cf. {Un }, {Wit}.] The nether world (according to classical mythology, the abode of the shades, ruled over by Hades or Pluto); the invisible world; the grave. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hades — {{Hades}} Sohn des Kronos* und der Rheia*, Bruder des Zeus* und des Poseidon*, dem bei der Teilung der Welt das Totenreich zufiel. Es wird darum, nach seinem Herrscher, auch »Hades« genannt. Hades seinerseits, der Gott mit der Tarnkappe, wurde im …   Who's who in der antiken Mythologie

  • Hades — (gralm. con mayúsc.) m. Mit. Morada de los muertos. * * * En la mitología griega Hades, Haides o Aides (en griego Άδης o Άιδης, «invisible») es tanto la morada de los muertos en la Grecia antigua como el dios de dicho inframundo. La palabra hacía …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hades — Sm Totenreich, Unterwelt erw. bildg. (18. Jh.) Onomastische Bildung. Entlehnt aus gr. (att.) Hāidēs, zunächst einer der Söhne des Kronos und Gott der Unterwelt, dann die Unterwelt selbst. Der Name bedeutet möglicherweise der Unsichtbare oder der… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Hades — (Aïdes, gr. der Unsichtbare), 1) eigentlich so v.w. Pluto, der Gott der Unterwelt; 2) später so v.w. Unterwelt; s.u. Griechische Mythologie IV …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hades — (Aides), Gott der Unterwelt (s. Pluton), auch diese selbst (s. Unterwelt) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hades — Hades, in der griech. Mythologie der Gott der Unterwelt, Sohn des Kronos und Bruder des Zeus und Poseidon, richtet mit den Totenrichtern Aiakos, Minos und Rhadamantys über die Seelen. Unter der Einwirkung der eleusinischen Mysterien bildet sich… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hades — Hades, griech., die Unterwelt …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon


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