Guy


Guy
/guy/; Fr. /gee/, n.
a male given name: from a Germanic word meaning "woods."

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(as used in expressions)
Bolton Guy Reginald
Burgess Guy Francis de Moncy
Dorchester of Dorchester Guy Carleton 1st Baron
Fawkes Guy
Guy Blaché Alice
Alice Guy
Lombardo Guy Albert
Maupassant Henry René Albert Guy de
Mollet Guy
Tugwell Rexford Guy

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▪ count of Flanders
also called  Guy Of Dampierre,  French  Gui De Dampierre,  Dutch  Gwijde Van Dampierre 
born c. 1225
died March 7, 1305, Compiègne, Fr.

      count of Flanders (from 1278) and margrave of Namur (Namen). He was the son of Margaret, countess of Flanders and Hainaut.

      The government of Guy of Dampierre was unfortunate. It was in the interest of the Flemish weavers to be on good terms with England, the wool-producing country, and Guy entered into an alliance with the English king Edward I against France. This led to the invasion and conquest of Flanders by the French king Philip IV the Fair in 1300. Guy with his sons and the leading Flemish nobles were taken as prisoners to Paris, and Flanders was ruled as a French dependency. The Flemish rose in rebellion, however; a French garrison at Bruges (Brugge) was massacred on May 19, 1302, and on the following July 11 a French army of invasion was defeated near Courtrai. The aged Guy died in captivity before the French recognized the independence of Flanders in the Treaty of Athis-sur-Orge (1305).

▪ king of Jerusalem
byname  Guy of Lusignan , French  Gui de Lusignan  or  Guy de Lusignan 
born c. 1129
died 1194

      king of Jerusalem who lost that Crusader kingdom in a struggle with rival Conrad of Montferrat.

      In 1180 he married Sibyl, sister of the leprous Baldwin IV, king of Jerusalem. When Baldwin died in 1185, Sibyl's son by a previous marriage, the six-year-old Baldwin V, inherited the crown but died in 1186. Sibyl then became queen and, announcing her intention to choose the most worthy noble to be her husband and king, divorced Guy, only to choose him again as king and husband.

      War broke out with Saladin (1137–93), sultan of Egypt and Syria, and, when the city of Tiberiade fell in 1187, Guy resolved to deliver it. His troops were defeated at Ḥaṭṭīn (near Tiberiade) by Saladin's superior forces. Guy himself was captured, along with many other nobles, but was released when he ceded the town of Ascalon (Ashkelon), a port in Palestine. Jerusalem fell to Saladin on October 2, 1187.

      The fall of Jerusalem provoked a new Crusade (Crusades) from Europe (the Third Crusade, 1189–92). While awaiting this aid, Guy, despite a vow not to war against Saladin, besieged Saint-Jean-d'Acre (now ʿAkko, Israel), though unsuccessfully. After Sibyl died in 1190, Guy and Conrad of Montferrat, husband of Sibyl's sister, Isabella, fought over the now empty throne. In 1192 Guy ceded the title to the English king Richard I the Lion-Heart in exchange for sovereignty over the island of Cyprus.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Guy — or Guys may refer to: * Man, in slang * Guys , a group of two or more people, originally used to refer to groups of males, now commonly used to refer to any groups, although the singular guy might not be used to refer to an individual female. *… …   Wikipedia

  • Guy — puede referirse a: El nombre en inglés o francés correspondiente a Guido o Vito Guy Fawkes Contenido 1 Apellido 2 Topónimos 3 Música y cine 4 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Guy — (engl. Kamerad) ist eine Bezeichnung für: Guy (Name), ein Vor und Familienname, siehe dort für Namensträger Guy Motors, einen britischen Hersteller von PKW und Nutzfahrzeugen Guy (Automarke), ehemalige französische Automarke Guy (Arkansas), Ort… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • guy — W3S1 [gaı] n [Sense: 1 2, 4 5; Date: 1800 1900; Origin: Guy Fawkes (1570 1606), who tried to blow up the English parliament.] [Sense: 3; Date: 1300 1400; Origin: Probably from Dutch gei type of rope ] 1.) informal a man = ↑ …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • guy — [ gaı ] noun count *** 1. ) INFORMAL a man: Bob s a really nice guy, isn t he? She s going out with some French guy she met on vacation. the kind/sort of guy: He looks like the kind of guy you would trust with your life savings. => FALL GUY 2 …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • GUY — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. {{{image}}}   Sigles d une seule lettre   Sigles de deux lettres > Sigles de trois lettres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • guy — GUY. s. m. Sorte d arbuste qui naist sur les branches de certains arbres, comme du pommier, de l aubespine, du chesne, &c. La glu se fait de guy. les Druydes faisoient grand cas du guy de chesne, ils cuëilloient le guy avec beaucoup de ceremonies …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • guy — guy1 [gī] n. [ME gie < OFr guie, a guide < guier < guider: see GUIDE] a rope, chain, rod, or wire attached to something to steady or guide it vt. to guide or steady with a guy guy2 [gī] n. [after FAWKES Guy] 1. in England, an effig …   English World dictionary

  • Guy's — Guy’s Hospital [Guys Hospital] (also infml Guy’s) a leading ↑teaching hospital in south London, England. It was started in 1721 by Thomas Guy, a man who had made a lot of money printing and selling books. John Keats was at Guy’s medical school in …   Useful english dictionary

  • guy — guy, n. 1. A grotesque effigy, like that of Guy Fawkes, dressed up in England on the fifth of November, the day of the Gunpowder Plot. [1913 Webster] The lady . . . who dresses like a guy. W. S. Gilbert. [1913 Webster] 2. Hence: A person of queer …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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