guardian


guardian
guardianless, adj.
/gahr"dee euhn/, n.
1. a person who guards, protects, or preserves.
2. Law. a person who is entrusted by law with the care of the person or property, or both, of another, as a minor or someone legally incapable of managing his or her own affairs.
3. the superior of a Franciscan convent.
adj.
4. guarding; protecting: a guardian deity.
[1375-1425; late ME gardein < AF. See WARDEN]
Syn. 1. protector, defender.
Pronunciation. GUARDIAN is occasionally pronounced with two syllables and with stress on the final syllable: /gahr deen"/. This pronunciation is now most characteristic of older, less educated speakers.

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In law, one who has, or is legally appointed to, the care and management of another, usually a minor.

A natural guardian is a guardian by natural relationship (usually the father or mother). A guardian may be appointed by the court when it decides that a child needs one (usually when the parents have died or disappeared).

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      person legally entrusted with supervision of another who is ineligible to manage his own affairs—usually a child. Guardians fulfill the state's role as substitute parent. Those for whom guardianships are established are called wards. Guardianships for others than children are usually established by courts for the property or persons of the insane or those otherwise incapable of handling their own affairs.

      Guardianships appeared in ancient Rome under the inheritance laws. English law first codified organized guardianship practices in the 13th century. On the European continent, guardianships appeared at the end of the Middle Ages and followed the Roman model. Modern French and German civil codes have tied guardianships closely to family considerations, giving relatives strong preferential rights of appointment. Most European countries have public agencies for the administration of guardianships, while in the United States that task belongs to the courts.

      The guardian's powers and responsibilities are created by statutes and the courts. He is an officer of the court appointing him. The guardian may be given authority over some particular aspect of the ward's affairs or, more commonly, over all of his affairs generally.

      Once a court decides that a child needs a guardian (usually when the parents have died or disappeared), it carefully screens potential appointees. The court considers the financial status and character of the potential guardian; possible conflicts of interest; the ward's wishes; and the religious affiliations of the deceased parents. The paramount consideration is the welfare of the child. Thus, the court can revoke a guardian's authority if he appears to be acting against the ward's best interests.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Guardian — Guard i*an (g[aum]rd [i^]*an or g[aum]rd yan; 106), a. Performing, or appropriate to, the office of a protector; as, a guardian care. [1913 Webster] {Feast of Guardian Angels} (R. C. Ch.) a church festival instituted by Pope Paul V., and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Guardian — Guard i*an, n. [OF. guardain, gardien, F. gardien, LL. guardianus. See {Guard}, v. t., and cf. {Wasden}.] 1. One who guards, preserves, or secures; one to whom any person or thing is committed for protection, security, or preservation from… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • guardian — early 14c., garden; early 15c., gardein, from Anglo Fr. gardein (late 13c.), from O.Fr. gardien keeper, custodian, earlier guarden, from Frankish *warding (see GUARD (Cf. guard) (n.)). Guardian angel is from 1630s …   Etymology dictionary

  • guardián — guardián, na adjetivo,sustantivo masculino y femenino 1. Persona o animal que guarda o cuida una cosa: perro guardián. sustantivo masculino 1. Superior de un convento franciscano …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Guardian — (vom mittellat. Guardia, Wache), 1) der Pater Superior (Vorgesetzter) eines Klosters bei den Franciscanern; in einigen anderen Klöstern waren sie untergeordnete Beamtete; 2) in [748] England der während einer geistlichen Vacanz als Verwalter der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Guardiān — (mittellat. guardianus, v. ital. guardiáno, »Wächter, Hüter«), heißt bei den Franziskanern und Kapuzinern der Pater Superior oder Vorgesetzte, in England derjenige, der während einer geistlichen Vakanz die geistliche Jurisdiktion in einer Diözese …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Guardian — Guardiān (ital.), Hüter, Wächter; in Franziskaner und Kapuzinerklöstern der Vorsteher; in England Stellvertreter eines Bischofs während einer Vakanz …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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