guanaco


guanaco
/gwah nah"koh/, n., pl. guanacos.
a wild South American ruminant, Lama guanicoe, of which the llama and alpaca are believed to be domesticated varieties: related to the camels.
[1595-1605; < Sp < Quechua wanaku]

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Slender-bodied South American lamoid (Lama guanacoe; see alpaca).

The guanaco has long legs and neck, a short tail, and large, pointed ears. It lives in small bands of females, usually led by a male, and grazes on grass and other plants, ranging from the snow line to sea level throughout the Andes Mountains from Peru and Bolivia to Tierra del Fuego. The adult stands 43 in. (110 cm) tall at the shoulder and is pale brown above and white below, with a grayish head. The downy fibre covering the young is valued for textiles, and guanaco pelts are used by the fur industry.

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mammal
 (Lama guanacoe), South American member of the camel family, Camelidae (order Artiodactyla), closely related to the alpaca, llama, and vicuña, which are known collectively as lamoids. Unlike camels, lamoids do not have the characteristic camel humps; they are slender-bodied animals with long legs and necks, short tails, small heads, and large, pointed ears. They graze on grass and other plants. When annoyed, they spit. Lamoids are able to interbreed and to produce fertile offspring.

      The guanaco, like the vicuña, is a wild lamoid that lives in small bands of females, usually led by a male. The guanaco ranges from the snow line to sea level throughout the Andes from Peru and Bolivia southward to Tierra del Fuego and other islands. The adult stands about 110 centimetres (43 inches) at the shoulder; it is pale brown above and white below, with a grayish head.

      The soft, downy fibre covering of the young, or guanaquito, comprises about 10 to 20 percent of the fleece and belongs to the group of textile fibres called speciality hair fibres (q.v.). Guanaco fibre, introduced for textile use in the mid-1900s, is valued for its rarity and soft texture and is used for luxury fabrics; it is considered to be finer than alpaca but coarser than vicuña. The pelts, especially of the guanaquito, resemble those of the red fox and are used by the fur industry, which provides the textile industry with waste fibre remaining after processing.

      Depending on the authority, the llama, alpaca, and guanaco may be classified as distinct species or as races of llama (Lama glama). Because of certain structural features, the vicuña is sometimes separated from the other lamoids as Vicugna vicugna.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • guanaco — [ gwanako ] n. m. • 1598; mot hispano américain, du quechua huanacu « lama » ♦ Lama à l état sauvage. Des guanacos. ● guanaco nom masculin (espagnol guanaco, du quechua huanaco) Camélidé sauvage d Amérique du Sud, ancêtre probable des lamas… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • guanaco — guanáco s. m. invar. (sil. gua ) Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  GUANÁCO s.m. Specie de lama sălbatică din Anzii chilieni. [pron. gua , pl. invar. / < fr. , sp. guanaco …   Dicționar Român

  • Guanaco — Gua*na co (gw[.a]*n[aum] k[ o]), n.; pl. {Guanacos} ( k[=o]z). [Sp. guanaco, Peruv. huanacu. Cf. {Huanaco}.] (Zo[ o]l.) A South American mammal ({Auchenia huanaco}), allied to the llama, but of larger size and more graceful form, inhabiting the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • guanaco — [gwä nä′kō] n. pl. guanacos or guanaco [Sp < Quechua huanacu] a wooly, reddish brown, wild Andean llama (Lama guanacoe) …   English World dictionary

  • Guanaco — Guanaco, ist das wilde Lama (s.d.) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Guanaco — Guanaco, das wilde Lama …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • guanaco — s. m. Ruminante camelídeo, de pescoço comprido e erguido, patas delgadas, cauda curta e corpo coberto de pelo abundante, comprido e lustroso. (Vive nos Andes da América do Sul.) …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • guanaco — adjetivo 1. Origen: América del Sur. Tonto, bobo. sustantivo masculino 1. (macho y hembra) Lama guanicoe. Mamífero parecido a la llama, que habita en los Andes, en América del Sur …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • guanaco — (Del quechua wanaku). 1. m. Mamífero rumiante de unos trece decímetros de altura hasta la cruz, y poco más de longitud desde el pecho hasta el extremo de la grupa. Tiene cabeza pequeña con orejas largas y puntiagudas, ojos negros y brillantes,… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Guanaco — Taxobox name = Guanaco status = LC status system = iucn3.1 image width = 250px regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Mammalia ordo = Artiodactyla familia = Camelidae genus = Lama species = L. guanicoe binomial = Lama guanicoe binomial… …   Wikipedia

  • Guanaco — (Lama guanicoe …   Wikipédia en Français


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