Grozny


Grozny
/grawz"nee/; Russ. /grddaw"znee/, n.
a city in and the capital of the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Republic of the Russian Federation in Europe. 401,000.

* * *

Russia
also spelled  Groznij  or  Groznyi 

      city and capital of the republic of Chechnya, Russia. It lies along the Sunzha River at the foot of the Sunzha Range of the Caucasus. Grozny was founded in 1818 as a fortress; the writers Leo Tolstoy and Mikhail Lermontov served there. The presence of local oil (petroleum) deposits was known from 1823, but large-scale production did not begin until 1893, the year the railway reached the town. Thereafter Grozny grew rapidly as one of the major oil centres of Russia, with a production second only to Baku by the time of the Russian Revolution (1917). The growth of new Soviet oil fields reduced the relative importance of the area, but with new oil finds in the 1950s, it has remained a significant producer. Pipelines run through Grozny to Makhachkala on the Caspian Sea, Novorossiysk on the Black Sea, and the Donets Basin. Aside from large-scale refining and gas processing, petrochemicals and machinery for the petroleum industry are manufactured. Grozny has the oldest petroleum institute of Russia (established in 1920) and also a teacher-training institute.

      As the capital of Chechnya, Grozny was the chief objective of Russian army forces that entered the republic on December 11, 1994, in an effort to suppress a separatist Chechen government led by Dzhokhar Dudayev. The artillery and aerial bombardments used by Russian forces to overcome stiff Chechen resistance had destroyed much of the city by the time the Russians drove out its last remaining Chechen defenders in March 1995. In 1997 Russian troops withdrew from Grozny and Chechnya in accordance with a peace treaty. Fighting resumed in late 1999, however, and Grozny experienced heavy attacks. Thousands of civilians died in the city during the lengthy struggle. Pop. (2006 est.) 218,193.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Grozny — Грозный Coordonnées  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • groźny — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}przym. Ia, groźnyni, groźnyniejszy {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} wywołujący lub mający wywołać strach, obawę, lęk, poczucie niebezpieczeństwa itp., mogący mieć złe następstwa; grożący czymś, niebezpieczny : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Groźny… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • GROZNY — GROZNY, capital of the Chechen Republic in Russia, formerly in S.W. European R.S.F.S.R. Situated on the Rostov Baku railroad, it has been an oil producing center since 1893. Until 1917 the city was outside the Pale of Settlement, but a community… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Grozny — also Groznyi Groznyy the capital city of the Checheno Ingush Autonomous Republic, in southeast Russia on the Sunzha River …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Grozny — Grozny, Groznyj → Grozni …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Grozny — [grō̂z′nē] city in Chechnya, Russia, at the foot of the Caucasus Mountains: pop. 364,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Grozny — For other uses of Grozny , see Grozny (disambiguation). Grozny (English) Грозный (Russian) Соьлжа ГIала …   Wikipedia

  • groźny — groźnyni, groźnyniejszy «budzący grozę, lęk, obawę; zagrażający czyjemuś bezpieczeństwu» Groźny przeciwnik. Groźny głos. Groźne spojrzenie. Groźna twarz. Groźna przełęcz. Groźna sytuacja …   Słownik języka polskiego

  • Grozny — El nombre de la capital de la República Chechén Ingush debe escribirse Grozny, puesto que esta es la transcripción más exacta en español de dicha ciudad …   Diccionario español de neologismos

  • Grozny — Caharkala or Caharkale [tr: Caharkale] (alternative Turkish names), Djovkhar Ghaala (Chechen), Džochargala (alternative Lithuanian name), Groznas (Lithuanian), Groznîi (Romanian), Groznija (Latvian), Groznyj Грозный (Russian), Grozni (Turkish),… …   Names of cities in different languages


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.