ground substance

ground substance
1. Also called matrix. the homogeneous substance in which the fibers and cells of connective tissue are embedded.
2. Also called hyaloplasm. the clear portion of the cell cytoplasm; cytosol.
[1880-85]

* * *

      an amorphous gel-like substance present in the composition of the various connective tissues (connective tissue). It is most clearly seen in cartilage, in the vitreous humour of the eye, and in the Wharton's jelly of the umbilical cord. It is transparent or translucent and viscous in composition; the main chemical components of ground substance are large carbohydrates and proteins known as acid mucopolysaccharides, or glycoaminoglycans. See also collagen.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Ground substance — ground ground (ground), n. [OE. ground, grund, AS. grund; akin to D. grond, OS., G., Sw., & Dan. grund, Icel. grunnr bottom, Goth. grundus (in composition); perh. orig. meaning, dust, gravel, and if so perh. akin to E. grind.] 1. The surface of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ground substance — is a term for the non collagenous components of extracellular matrix. Cells are surrounded by extracellular matrix in tissues, which acts as a support for the cells. Ground substance traditionally does not include collagen but does include all… …   Wikipedia

  • ground substance — n a more or less homogeneous matrix that forms the background in which the specific differentiated elements of a system are suspended: a) the intercellular substance of tissues b) CYTOSOL * * * the matrix of connective tissue, in which various… …   Medical dictionary

  • ground substance — noun 1. the body substance in which tissue cells are embedded • Syn: ↑matrix, ↑intercellular substance • Hypernyms: ↑body substance • Part Holonyms: ↑bone, ↑os, ↑cartilage, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • ground substance — ground′ sub stance n. 1) cbl Also called matrix 3), b) the substance in which tissue, cells, and intercellular structures are embedded or suspended. 2) cbl hyaloplasm …   From formal English to slang

  • ground substance — noun Date: 1882 a more or less homogeneous matrix in which the specific differentiated elements of a system are suspended: a. the intercellular substance of tissues b. cytosol …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • ground substance — the matrix of connective tissue, in which various cells and fibres are embedded …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • ground — (ground), n. [OE. ground, grund, AS. grund; akin to D. grond, OS., G., Sw., & Dan. grund, Icel. grunnr bottom, Goth. grundus (in composition); perh. orig. meaning, dust, gravel, and if so perh. akin to E. grind.] 1. The surface of the earth; the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ground angling — ground ground (ground), n. [OE. ground, grund, AS. grund; akin to D. grond, OS., G., Sw., & Dan. grund, Icel. grunnr bottom, Goth. grundus (in composition); perh. orig. meaning, dust, gravel, and if so perh. akin to E. grind.] 1. The surface of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ground annual — ground ground (ground), n. [OE. ground, grund, AS. grund; akin to D. grond, OS., G., Sw., & Dan. grund, Icel. grunnr bottom, Goth. grundus (in composition); perh. orig. meaning, dust, gravel, and if so perh. akin to E. grind.] 1. The surface of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»