Griqualand East


Griqualand East
/gree"kweuh land', grik"weuh-/
a former district in S South Africa, SW of Natal.

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▪ historical region, South Africa
      historical region of South Africa that now lies within interior southwestern KwaZulu/Natal province and adjacent areas of Eastern province. In 1861 Adam Kok III (Kok III, Adam), the chief of the Griqua people (a group of mixed white and Khoekhoe ancestry), led his people from what had become the Orange Free State to Griqualand East after many had been forced to sell their lands to white trekkers. The British hoped the Griquas would be a buffer there between African peoples and white settlers. The influence of European law increased in the area until 1879, when Griqualand East was formally annexed to the Cape Colony and Griquas were once again forced to sell their land to white settlers. Many of the demoralized Griqua eventually resettled north of Cape Town.

      In 1903 the district of Griqualand East was established as a black African council and was admitted into the Transkeian territories, which, although they contained many European farms in certain areas, were chiefly a black reserve. The eastern portion of the former Griqualand East (around Umzimkulu) and the larger western portion (around the towns of Mount Fletcher, Qumbu, Mount Frere, and Mount Ayliff) became part of Transkei in 1976 and part of Eastern province in 1994. The central portion (around Kokstad, Cedarville, and Franklin) remained an exclave of what was then Cape Province until 1978, when it was transferred to Natal (later KwaZulu/Natal). Dairy farming and cheese processing are economically important.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Griqualand East — (also called East Griqualand) is a territory (20,000 sq. km) that now forms part of the KwaZulu Natal province of South Africa, south of the Umzimvubu River, around Kokstad. It takes its name from a group of Griqua people settled there under the… …   Wikipedia

  • Griqualand East — /gree kweuh land , grik weuh / a former district in S South Africa, SW of Natal …   Useful english dictionary

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  • Griqualand — Westgriqualand und Ostgriqualand auf einer Karte von 1885 Griqualand war der Name von zwei räumlich getrennten Distrikten – West und Ostgriqualand – in der britischen Kapkolonie im heutigen Südafrika. Er war benannt nach dem heute fast… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Griqualand — /ˈgrɪkwəlænd/ (say grikwuhland) noun the name given to two districts in the Republic of South Africa: 1. Griqualand West, in the province of Northern Cape. 2. Griqualand East, part of the Transkei region of the province of Eastern Cape …   Australian English dictionary

  • Griqualand West — a former district in S South Africa, N of the Orange River and W of the Orange Free State: diamonds found 1867. * * * ▪ region, South Africa       historical and contemporary region in Northern Cape province, South Africa. The region lies… …   Universalium

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  • South African Wars (1879-1915) — Ethnic, political and social tensions among European colonial powers, indigenous Africa, and English and Dutch settlers led to open conflict in a series of wars and revolts between 1879 and 1915 that would have lasting repercussions on the entire …   Wikipedia

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