Gregory XV


Gregory XV
(Alessandro Ludovisi) 1554-1623, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1621-23.

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pope
original name  Alessandro Ludovisi  
born Jan. 9, 1554, Bologna, Papal States [Italy]
died July 8, 1623, Rome

      pope from 1621 to 1623.

      Of noble birth, he was educated at the University of Bologna, where he earned a doctorate in law. He was appointed archbishop of Bologna in 1612 and cardinal in 1616 by Pope Paul V. He succeeded Paul as pope on Feb. 9, 1621. Gregory's pontificate achieved two significant reforms: he introduced the secret ballot in papal elections, and he established the first permanent board of control of Roman Catholic foreign missions, the Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith, whose missionary work helped the church recover many of its losses from the Protestant Reformation. He canonized SS. Ignatius of Loyola, Francis Xavier, Philip Neri, and Teresa of Ávila.

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Universalium. 2010.

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