Green Mountain Boys


Green Mountain Boys
the soldiers from Vermont in the American Revolution, originally organized by Ethan Allen around 1770 to oppose the territorial claims of New York.

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▪ United States history
      patriot militia in the American Revolution. The Green Mountain Boys began in 1770 at present-day Bennington, Vermont, as an unauthorized militia organized to defend the property rights of local residents who had received land grants from New Hampshire. New York, which then claimed present-day Vermont, disputed New Hampshire's right to grant land west of the Green Mountains. The Green Mountain Boys stopped sheriffs from enforcing New York laws and terrorized settlers who had New York grants, burning buildings, stealing cattle, and administering occasional floggings with birch rods.

      The Green Mountain Boys immediately joined the Revolution, and on May 10, 1775, fewer than a hundred of them, under the joint command of Ethan Allen (Allen, Ethan) and Benedict Arnold (Arnold, Benedict), captured Fort Ticonderoga. Eventually they became part of the Continental Army and served in the abortive offensive against Canada. Reorganized despite an ongoing conflict with New York over jurisdiction, the Green Mountain Boys took the field against General John Burgoyne (Burgoyne, John) in 1777, playing central roles at the battles of Hubbardton and Bennington. The latter action, which destroyed a detachment of Burgoyne's army as it sought to forage for supplies, was crucial to Burgoyne's eventual defeat.

      Other Green Mountain Boys, under Allen's mercurial leadership, continued an internal war against “Yorkers,” a campaign Allen is said by some accounts to have pursued to the point of negotiating for Vermont's return to British allegiance. His resignation from the Vermont militia in 1781 rendered the subject moot, and Vermont in 1791 joined the Union as its 14th state.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Green Mountain Boys — the soldiers from Vermont in the American Revolution, originally organized by Ethan Allen around 1770 to oppose the territorial claims of New York. * * * Green Mountain Boys, a group of men in Vermont organized about 1770 to roust settlers from… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Green Mountain Boys — Green′ Moun′tain Boys n. pl. amh. the soldiers from Vermont in the American Revolution, orig. organized by Ethan Allen in 1775 to oppose the territorial claims of New York …   From formal English to slang

  • Green Mountain boys — прозвище жителей штата Вермонт …   Словарь топонимов США

  • Flag of the Green Mountain Boys — The flag of the Green Mountain Boys began as a regimental flag used by the Green Mountain Boys. With the ratification of the Constitution of Vermont at Elijah West s Windsor Tavern in 1777, the flag was adopted by the new independent state of… …   Wikipedia

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