Gravesend


Gravesend
/grayvz'end"/, n.
a seaport in NW Kent, in SE England, on the Thames River: incorporated into Gravesham 1974. 52,963.

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      town, Gravesham district, administrative and historic county of Kent, England. It lies on the right bank of the River Thames, downstream from London.

      The discovery of the skull of Swanscombe (Swanscombe skull) man near Gravesend dates early settlement in the area to the Second Interglacial Period (about 200,000 years ago). Gravesend is mentioned in Domesday Book (1086) as Gravesham, possessing a hithe (port) on the river. The community's rights to ferry passengers to London were increased in the 14th century, and many famous persons passed through Gravesend en route to the capital. Pocahontas, the American Indian “princess,” died in Gravesend in 1617 and is buried in St. George's Church.

      Gravesend still retains several administrative functions associated with the ancient ferry rights. It is a centre for English customs, for the Port of London Health Authority, and for the Trinity House pilots who guide vessels into the Thames. The town grew considerably in the 19th century as a watering place, and the Royal Terrace Pier and public gardens were opened. Gravesend's present-day industrial significance is still closely tied to the Thames and involves paper mills, cement works, ship repairing, and engineering industries. Pop. (2001) 53,045.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gravesend — may refer to:In the UK *Gravesend, Kent *Gravesend, HertfordshireIn the rest of the world. *Gravesend, Brooklyn *Gravesend, New South WalesOther. *Gravesend (film) …   Wikipedia

  • Gravesend — (spr. Grehwsänd), 1) Stadt in der englischen Grafschaft Kent, an der Themse u. an der Eisenbahn von London nach Rochester u. Chatham; gilt als Endpunkt des Londoner Hafens, sämmtliche nach London einfahrende Schiffe unterliegen hier der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Gravesend — (spr. grēws end), Stadt (municipal borough) in der engl. Grafschaft Kent, am südlichen Ufer der Themse, unterhalb London, ist Zollstation für ankommende Schiffe und Hauptsitz des Royal Thames Yacht Club, mit zahlreichen Belustigungsorten… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gravesend — (spr. grehwsénd), Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Kent, an der Themse [Karte: Großbritannien und Irland I, 12], (1901) 27.175 E.; Endpunkt des Londoner Hafens, Docks …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gravesend — (Grohwsend), engl. Stadt an der Themse, 4 Ml. von London mit 16900 E., wichtigem Hafen, Seebädern; in der Umgegend starker Gemüsebau …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Gravesend —   [ greɪvz end], Industriestadt und Lotsenstation in der County Kent, England, am rechten Ufer der Themse, nahe ihrer Mündung, 51 400 Einwohner; Werften, Papier , Zement , Gummi , elektrotechnische Industrie.   Im Domesday Book (1086) als… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gravesend — 51.4419444444440.37083333333334 Koordinaten: 51° 27′ N, 0° 22′ O …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gravesend —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents lieux partageant un même toponyme. Gravesend (Angleterre), une ville anglaise dans le Kent Gravesend (Nouveaux Pays Bas), une ville fondée dans le Nouveau Monde Catégorie : Homonymie de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gravesend — Original name in latin Gravesend Name in other language Gravesend, Grejvsend, ge lei fu sen de, geuleibeujendeu, Грейвсенд, Грејвсенд State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 51.44138 latitude 0.37371 altitude 18 Population 54263 Date …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Gravesend — geographical name town SE England in Kent population 52,963 …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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