gourami


gourami
/goo rah"mee/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) gourami, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) gouramis.
1. a large, air-breathing, nest-building, freshwater Asiatic fish, Osphronemus goramy, used for food.
2. any of several small, air-breathing, nest-building Asiatic fishes of the genera Trichogaster, Colisa, and Trichopsis, often kept in aquariums.
[1875-80; < Malay (Java dial.) gurami < Javanese graméh]

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Any of several of the freshwater, tropical labyrinth fishes (order Perciformes), especially Osphronemus goramy, an East Indian fish caught or raised for food.

A compact, oval fish with a long, filamentous ray extending from each pelvic fin, it weighs up to 20 lbs (9 kg). Adults are brown or gray with a paler belly. Other gouramis, several of them popular in home aquariums, are Asian members of different genera and families. Generally deep-bodied and small-mouthed, they include the giant gourami (Colisa fasciata), a blue-green and reddish brown fish 5 in. (12 cm) long; the dwarf gourami (C. lalia), 2.5 in. (6 cm) long, brightly striped in red and blue; and the kissing gourami (Helostoma temmincki), a greenish or pinkish white fish noted for its "kissing" activities.

Dwarf gourami (Colisa lalia).

Jane Burton/Bruce Coleman Ltd.

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fish
      any of several of the freshwater, tropical labyrinth fishes (order Perciformes), especially Osphronemus goramy, an East Indian fish that is caught or raised for food; it has been introduced elsewhere. This species is a compact, oval fish with a long, filamentous ray extending from each pelvic fin. It attains a weight of about 9 kg (20 pounds). As an adult, it is brown or gray with a paler belly; when young, it is dark-banded and reddish brown. It is the only member of the family Osphronemidae.

      Other gourami, several of them popular in home aquariums, are Asian members of different genera and families. They are generally rather deep-bodied and small-mouthed. With the exception of the kissing gourami, sole member of the family Helostomatidae, they are of the family Belontiidae and are characterized by an elongated ray in each pelvic fin. Common species include the giant gourami (Colisa fasciata), a blue-green and reddish brown fish 12 cm (4.75 inches) long; the dwarf gourami (C. lalia), 6 cm long, brightly striped in red and blue; the kissing gourami (Helostoma temmincki), a greenish or pinkish white fish noted for its “kissing” activities; and the three-spot, or blue, gourami (Trichogaster trichopterus), a dark-spotted, silvery or blue species.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • gourami — ● gourami nom masculin (mot malais) Poisson (anabantidé) des eaux douces et saumâtres d Indo Malaisie, possédant des organes labyrinthiformes de respiration aérienne. (Le mâle construit un nid de bulles d air enrobées de mucus où sont gardés œufs …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • gourami — [go͞o rä′mē, goor′ə mē] n. pl. gouramies or gourami [Malay gurami] any of various families of tropical, freshwater percoid fishes; esp., a nest building food fish (Osphronemus goramy) of Southeast Asia …   English World dictionary

  • Gourami — Gou ra*mi, n. (Zo[ o]l.) A very largo East Indian freshwater fish ({Osphromenus gorami}), extensively reared in artificial ponds in tropical countries, and highly valued as a food fish. Many unsuccessful efforts have been made to introduce it… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gourami — type of freshwater fish, 1878, from Malay gurami …   Etymology dictionary

  • Gourami — Gouramis Dwarf gourami (Colisa lalia) Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia …   Wikipedia

  • Gourami — Gourami …   Wikipédia en Français

  • gourami — /ˈgʊərəmi/ (say goouhruhmee) noun (plural gourami or gouramis) 1. a large, air breathing nest building, freshwater Asian fish, Osphronemus goramy, highly prized for food. 2. any of a number of smaller, air breathing, nest building, Asian fishes… …   Australian English dictionary

  • gourami — didysis guramis statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Osphronemus goramy angl. gourami rus. настоящий гурами ryšiai: platesnis terminas – didieji guramiai …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • gourami — noun (plural mi or mis; also mies) Etymology: Malay dialect (Java), from Javanese graméh Date: 1878 any of numerous African and Asian tropical freshwater bony fishes (order Perciformes): as a. a large Asian food fish (Osphronemus goramy of the… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • gourami — noun An edible fresh water fish of the Osphronemidae family …   Wiktionary


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