gouache


gouache
/gwahsh, gooh ahsh"/; Fr. /gwannsh/, n., pl. gouaches /gwah"shiz, gooh ah"shiz/; Fr. /gwannsh"/ for 3.
1. a technique of painting with opaque watercolors prepared with gum.
2. an opaque color used in painting a gouache.
3. a work painted using gouache.
[1880-85; < F < It guazzo place where there is water L aquatio, deriv. of aqua water]

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Opaque watercolour.

Also known as poster paint, designer's colour, and body colour, it differs from transparent watercolour in that the pigments are bound by liquid glue, which is used as a thinner. The addition of white pigment lightens the tone and lends opacity. Gouache paints dry to a matte finish and, if desired, without visible brush marks. They can be applied thinly or thickly. A wide range of colours are available, including fluorescent and metallic pigments. The suede finish and crisp lines characteristic of many Indian and Islamic miniature paintings is produced by this medium; it is used in Western screen and fan decoration and was used by modern artists such as Georges Rouault and Paul Klee.

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▪ painting technique
 painting technique in which a gum or an opaque white pigment is added to watercolours to produce opacity. In watercolour the tiny particles of pigment become enmeshed in the fibre of the paper; in gouache the colour lies on the surface of the paper, forming a continuous layer, or coating. A gouache is characterized by a directly reflecting brilliance. When applied with bristle brushes it is possible to achieve a slight but effective impasto (thick-coated) quality; with sable brushes, a smooth, flawless colour field is obtained.

 A painting technique of great antiquity, gouache was used by the Egyptians. It was a popular medium with Rococo artists such as François Boucher (Boucher, François) (1703–70). Contemporary painters use gouache alone or in combination with watercolour and other mediums.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • GOUACHE — Terme dérivé de l’italien guazzo (synonyme de «très mouillé»), qui désigne une variété de détrempe à base d’eau, de gomme arabique fondue à chaud et de glycérine. Il s’agit donc d’une pâte dense, opaque, qui, en séchant, devient mate. La… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gouache — Gouache, Pronounced Gouash (from the Italian guazzo , water paint, splash ) or bodycolor (the term preferred by art historians) is a type of paint consisting of pigment suspended in water. Gouache differs from watercolor in that the particles are …   Wikipedia

  • Gouache — Farben Gouache Bild, Anders Zorn …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gouache — de Henri de Toulouse Lautrec. El gouache (aguada, aunque el galicismo gouache puede derivar del italianismo guazzo), es una acuarela opaca. Es distinto de la pintura transparente sobre papeles brillantes, pues se puede pintar con gouache y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • gouaché — gouaché, ée (entrée créée par le supplément) (goua ché, chée) adj. En manière de gouache. Une miniature gouachée. •   Le panneau du musée de Cluny [Prédication de la Madeleine], d une tout autre pratique [que le Buisson ardent], gouaché pour… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Gouache — Nom porté dans l Eure et Loir. Rien à voir avec la peinture, puisque le mot gouache nous est venu d Italie au XVIIIe siècle. En ancien français, goueche ou gouache était le nom de la perdrix grise. Il pourrait donc s agir d un surnom métonymique… …   Noms de famille

  • Gouache — (gw[.a]sh), n. [F., It. guazzo.] A method of painting with opaque colors, which have been ground in water and mingled with a preparation of gum; also, a picture thus painted. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gouache — 1882, from Fr. gouache, from It. guazzo water color, originally spray, pool, from L. aquatio watering, watering place, from aquatus, pp. of aquari to bring water for drinking, from aqua (see AQUA (Cf. aqua )) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Gouache — Gouache, eine Malerei mit Deckfarben (s.d.). Der Name stammt vom italienischen Worte: a guazzo, d.h. s.v.w. dickflüssig. Die Gouachemalerei wendet ein harziges, in Wasser sich auflösendes Bindemittel an und unterscheidet sich von der… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Gouache — Gouache, die Kunst, mit Wasserfarben zu malen, in welchen etwas Gummi aufgelöst ist …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Gouache — (frz. guasch), Malerei mit Deckfarben, die man aus Wasser und Gummi bereitet; der Grund wird mit Farbe ganz überzogen, wobei die Hauptfarbe eine schwere weiße ist, mit der man die andern verbindet. G. wird besonders in Miniatur auf Elfenbein,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon


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