Göteborg


Göteborg
/yue'teuh bawrdd"yeu/, n.
a seaport in SW Sweden, on the Kattegat. 431,273.
Also, Gothenburg.

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City (pop., 2001 est.: 471,267), southwestern Sweden.

The country's chief seaport and second largest city, it lies along the Göta River estuary, about 5 mi (8 km) above the Kattegat. Founded in 1603, the city was destroyed in the Kalmar War with Denmark (1611–13) but was refounded in 1619. Many of the early inhabitants were Dutch, who built urban canals and laid out the city centre. A prosperous period began with the completion of the Göta Canal (1832) and the start of a transoceanic shipping service. It retains some historic architecture, and a moat still encircles the old part of the city. The port's principal exports are automobiles (Volvo), ball bearings, and paper.

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Sweden
also spelled  Gothenburg 
  Sweden's chief seaport and second largest city. It lies along the Göta River estuary, about 5 miles (8 km) above that river's mouth in the Kattegat. Göteborg is the principal city on Sweden's southwest coast and lies about 240 miles (390 km) southwest of Stockholm. It is the capital of Västra Götaland län (county).

      The city was founded by King Charles IX in 1603, on the site of earlier medieval settlements; the location was strategic because the Göta River estuary was Sweden's only direct outlet to the Atlantic Ocean at that time. Göteborg was destroyed in the Kalmar War with Denmark in 1611–13, but it was refounded by King Gustav II Adolf in 1619 and chartered two years later. Many of the early inhabitants were Dutch, who built urban canals (in the Dutch style) and laid out the city centre. Göteborg's prosperity increased in the early 18th century with the development of the Swedish East India Company, and during Napoleon's (Napoleon I) continental blockade the port became Europe's chief market for British goods. A second period of wealth started with the completion in 1832 of the Göta Canal and the beginning of a transoceanic shipping service.

      Reminders of the past are Forts Lejonet (“Lion”) and Kronan (“Crown”) and the moat that still encircles the old part of the city. The cathedral (1633; rebuilt 1815–25 and restored 1956–57) and the Kristine Church (1648; rebuilt 1780) are notable landmarks. There are cultural, maritime, and natural history museums. Among the larger parks are Slottskogen, the botanical gardens, and Trädgårdsföreningen (the “Garden Society”); Liseberg is an amusement park. The city is the seat of a state university (1891) and a technical university (Chalmers; 1829).

      Göteborg port's principal exports are automobiles (Volvo (Volvo Aktiebolaget)), ball bearings, and paper. Shipbuilding yards on the island of Hisingen to the north were once important, but that industry ended in the 1970s. Göteborg is connected to the rest of Sweden by the Göta Canal and railway lines; the nearby Landvetter Airport accommodates both domestic and international air traffic. Pop. (2005 est.) mun., 481,410.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Göteborg —   [schwedisch jøːtə bɔrj], deutsch früher Gotenburg, zweitgrößte Stadt und wichtigster Hafen Schwedens, unweit der Mündung des Götaälv in das Kattegat, 437 300 Einwohner; Verwaltungssitz des Län Göteborg und Bohus, Sitz eines lutherischen… …   Universal-Lexikon

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  • Göteborg — eller Gøteborg er Sveriges næststørste by og beliggende på Sveriges vestkyst ud til Kattegat og på begge sider af floden Gøta Elv …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Göteborg — Göteborg, so v.w. Gothenburg …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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