glycolipid


glycolipid
/gluy'keuh lip"id/, n. Biochem.
any of a class of lipids, comprising the cerebrosides and gangliosides, that upon hydrolysis yield galactose or a similar sugar, a fatty acid, and sphingosine or dihydrosphingosine.
[1935-40; GLYCO- + LIPID]

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      any member of a group of fat-soluble substances particularly abundant in tissues of the nervous system of animals. They are members of the class of sphingolipids (q.v.), but differ from the simpler members of that class in that their molecules contain a monosaccharide or disaccharide moiety.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • glycolipid — noun Date: 1936 a lipid (as a ganglioside or a cerebroside) that contains a carbohydrate radical …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • glycolipid — Oligosaccharides covalently attached to lipid as in the glycosphingolipids (GSL) found in plasma membranes of all animal and some plant cells. The lipid part of GSLs is sphingosine in which the amino group is acylated by a fatty chain, forming a… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • glycolipid — noun an association of a carbohydrate and a phospholipid, such as phosphatidylinositol, found in cell membranes …   Wiktionary

  • glycolipid — A lipid with one or more covalently attached sugars. * * * gly·co·lip·id .glī kō lip əd n a lipid (as a ganglioside or a cerebroside) that contains a carbohydrate radical * * * n. a lipid containing a sugar molecule (usually galactose or glucose) …   Medical dictionary

  • glycolipid — n. substance which is made up of a carbohydrate and a lipid (Chemistry) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • glycolipid — gly·co·lipid …   English syllables

  • glycolipid — n. a lipid containing a sugar molecule (usually galactose or glucose). The cerebrosides are examples of glycolipids …   The new mediacal dictionary