glove


glove
gloveless, adj.glovelike, adj.
/gluv/, n., v., gloved, gloving.
n.
1. a covering for the hand made with a separate sheath for each finger and for the thumb.
2. See boxing glove.
4. gauntlet1.
5. hand and glove. See hand (def. 42).
6. handle with kid gloves. See kid gloves (def. 2).
7. take up the glove. See gauntlet1 (def. 4).
8. throw down the glove. See gauntlet1 (def. 5).
v.t.
9. to cover with or as if with a glove; provide with gloves.
10. to serve as a glove for.
[bef. 900; ME; OE glof; c. ON glofi]

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Covering for the hand with separate sections for the fingers and the thumb, usually extending over the wrist or part of the arm.

Linen gloves were found in the tomb of Tutankhamen in Egypt. Medieval European nobles wore both fabric and leather gloves, often jeweled and embroidered. By the 14th century gloves were worn generally by upper-class men; but in the 16th century Catherine de Médicis, queen consort of Henry II of France, made gloves for women fashionable. Glovemaking became an industry in 1834 when the glove-cutting die was invented in France. Fabric gloves of antiquity were made of woven material, but modern fabric gloves are knitted of cotton, wool, or synthetic fibres.

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▪ hand covering
 covering for the hand with separate sections for the fingers and thumb, sometimes extending over the wrist or part of the arm. Fingerless gloves, called mitts in colonial America, have five holes through which the fingers and thumb extend.

      Well-formed linen gloves with a drawstring closure at the wrist were found in the tomb of the Egyptian king Tutankhamen (14th century BC). Ancient Greek and Latin literature contain many allusions to gloves. Medieval European nobles, patricians, and prelates wore gloves made of fabric or leather, often richly jeweled and embroidered. By the 14th century, gloves were worn generally by upper-class men; but not until the 16th century did Catherine de Médicis, queen consort of Henry II of France, set the fashion for women. At the turn of the 17th century, women's gloves of soft kidskin were introduced.

      The ancient art of glove making became an industry in 1834, when Xavier Jouvin of Grenoble, France, invented the cutting die that made possible a glove of precise fit. The kid glove has retained supremacy as the aristocrat of gloves, but other kinds of leather are also utilized in modern glove manufacture, including capeskin, cabretta, pigskin, buckskin, reindeer skin, and lambskin, also called doeskin.

      There are usually eight components of a leather glove: palm and back (one piece), thumb, three fourchettes (slender pieces of leather that form the sides of the fingers), and three quirks, or diamond-shaped pieces inserted at the bottom between the fingers. In cutting gloves, a single trank, or rectangular piece of leather the size of the glove, may be cut by hand to a desired pattern with shears; or a number of tranks may be cut simultaneously by a weighted, sharp steel die. The glove is closed by stitching up along the outside to the tip of the little finger; then the thumbs, quirks, and fourchettes are set in and sewed with great care. Although some sewing is done by hand, most is by machine and closely resembles hand stitching. The completed glove is dampened, tailored on an electrically heated metal model hand, and buffed.

      Fabric gloves of antiquity were made of woven material, but modern fabric gloves are knit. silk was the favoured material before World War II, but the glove industry now relies on cotton and man-made fibres such as rayon and nylon. Glove-sized squares of finished fabric are arranged face-to-face so that the left and right hands are cut out together by the knife-sharp glove die, which is forced through the built-up layers of fabric. Gores, triangular pieces of fabric, are cut separately and attached between the fingers when the cutout glove is folded over and stitched together. Thumbs are also cut separately and attached. The fingers are given a tubular shape by seaming. Fabric gloves are tailored on electrically heated metal hands, as are leather gloves.

      Gloves of wool, synthetic fibres (synthetic fibre), and cotton yarns can be knit by machine with or without seams; and their colours, designs, patterns, and stitch variations rival those of gloves knit by hand. Seamed, or wrought, gloves are first machine knit as flat selvage pieces of fabric, folded so that complementing parts fall together, and then stitched. Seamless gloves also may be knit entirely on such a flat machine, or the cuff and palm may be knit on a circular machine and then the stitches carefully transferred to a flat fingering machine.

      Protective gloves have been developed for special uses. Thin rubber or latex gloves are used by medical and laboratory personnel. Heavy rubber gloves are used by electrical workers. asbestos gloves protect against burns, as do gloves of heavy, twisted loop pile similar to terry cloth. Canton flannel gloves treated with polyvinyl (polyvinyl chloride) provide plastic-coated work gloves that are heat resistant, impermeable to most fluids, and proof against acids, alkalies, industrial oils, greases, and other chemicals. Lead-impregnated gloves may be used in order to shield the hands from X-rays.

      Participants in many sports wear gloves for protection or to improve grip. In baseball, players in the field wear one large padded leather glove, or mitt, to protect the fielder's hand and to facilitate catching the ball via a pocket woven between the glove's thumb and index finger. Hockey players and cricket batsmen wear oversized padded gloves on both hands to cushion them from the hard, fast-moving projectiles used in these sports. Thin gloves made of leather or synthetic material are used in a variety of sports, such as gridiron football, golf, and cycling, to enhance the wearer's grip.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Glove — (gl[u^]v), n. [OE. glove, glofe, AS. gl[=o]f; akin to Icel. gl[=o]fi, cf. Goth. l[=o]fa palm of the hand, Icel. l[=o]fi.] [1913 Webster] 1. A cover for the hand, or for the hand and wrist, with a separate sheath for each finger. The latter… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • glove — O.E. glof glove, covering for the hand, also palm of the hand, from P.Gmc. *galofo (Cf. O.N. glofi), probably from *ga collective prefix + *lofi hand (Cf. O.N. lofi, M.E. love, Goth. lofa flat of the hand ), from PIE *lep be flat; p …   Etymology dictionary

  • glove — glove; glove·less; glove·man; un·glove; …   English syllables

  • glove — [gluv] n. [ME < OE glof & ON glofi < ? Gmc * ga lōfa < * ga , together (OE ge ) + * lōfa (Goth lōfa), palm of the hand: for IE base see LUFF] 1. a covering for the hand, made of leather, cloth, etc., with a separate sheath for each… …   English World dictionary

  • Glove — Glove, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Gloved}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Gloving}.] To cover with, or as with, a glove. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • glove — [glʌv] n [: Old English; Origin: glof] 1.) a piece of clothing that you wear on your hand in order to protect it or keep it warm →↑mitten ▪ a pair of gloves ▪ boxing gloves rubber/leather etc gloves 2.) the gloves are off used …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • glove — ► NOUN 1) a covering for the hand having separate parts for each finger and the thumb. 2) a padded protective covering for the hand used in boxing and other sports. ● fit like a glove Cf. ↑fit like a glove DERIVATIVES gloved adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • Glove — bezeichnet: eine ehemalige New Wave /Synthie Pop Band, siehe The Glove den Handschuh beim Baseball, siehe Baseballhandschuh Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Beg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • glove — [ glʌv ] noun count ** 1. ) a piece of clothing that covers your fingers and hands: a pair of gloves leather/silk gloves rubber gloves: Wear rubber gloves when handling harsh chemicals. 2. ) a BOXING GLOVE take the gloves off to start fighting or …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • glove — [n] hand covering for warmth, protection gage, gauntlet, mitt, mitten, muff; concept 451 …   New thesaurus

  • Glove — Mittens redirects here. For the geological formation, see Monument Valley. For other uses, see Glove (disambiguation). Pair of gloves, 1603 1625 V A Museum no.1506 A 1882 …   Wikipedia


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