ginseng


ginseng
/jin"seng/, n.
1. any of several plants of the genus Panax, esp. P. pseudoginseng, of eastern Asia, or P. qinquefolius, of North America, having an aromatic root used medicinally.
2. the root itself.
3. a preparation made from it.
Also, genseng.
[1645-55; < Chin (Wade-Giles) jên2 shên1, (Pinyin) rén-shen, equiv. to rén man + shen name for a kind of herb]

* * *

Either of two herbs of the family Araliaceae or their roots, which have long been used as a drug in East Asia and as the ingredient for a stimulating tea.

Panax quinquefolium, the North American ginseng, is native from Quebec and Manitoba southward to the coasts of the Gulf of Mexico. Asian ginseng (P. schinseng) is native to Manchuria and Korea and is cultivated in Korea and Japan. Ginseng has a sweetly aromatic flavour. Its root has long been regarded by the Chinese as a panacea for illness; its purported effects include improved mental performance, ability to learn, and memory and sensory awareness.

* * *

herb
Chinese  (Wade-Giles) Jen Sheng,  or (PinyinRen Sheng  
 (“root of heaven”), either of two herbs of the family Araliaceae, Panax quinquefolium and P. schinseng, or their roots. The root has long been used as a drug in China and as the ingredient for a stimulating tea. P. quinquefolium (see photograph—>), the North American ginseng, is native from Quebec and Manitoba southward to the coasts of the Gulf of Mexico. The roots of most ginseng cultivated in America are dried and exported to Hong Kong, from where the spice is distributed to Southeast Asia. P. schinseng, Asian ginseng, is native to Manchuria and Korea and is cultivated in Korea and Japan. Ginseng has been cultivated in America since about 1870 and in Korea since ancient times. The ginseng plant requires 5–7 years to mature from seed.

      Ginseng has a sweetly aromatic flavour. Its root has long been regarded by the Chinese as a panacea for illness, though it was usually used by them in a prophylactic (preventive) rather than a curative manner. Pharmacologically, ginseng is nonspecific in its effects and is capable of a normalizing action irrespective of the pathological situation. Ginseng's effects include improved mental performance, learning, and memory and sensory awareness. The basis of ginseng's action is believed to be due to certain chemical agents in it that increase the brain's adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) activity without involving the adrenal glands. A generalized mental arousal is thereby effected.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ginseng — [ ʒinsɛŋ ] n. m. • 1663; jin seng 1844; du chin. jên shên « plante homme » ♦ Plante herbacée d Asie non tropicale (araliacées), dont la racine, qui peut atteindre un mètre, contient des stéroïdes. Le ginseng est une panacée millénaire des Chinois …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ginseng — GINSÉNG s.m. Plantă din familia araliaceelor originară din China, folosită pentru proprietăţile ei terapeutice deosebite; rădăcina vieţii (Panax). – Din fr., engl. ginseng. Trimis de gall, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  GINSÉNG s. (bot.; Panax)… …   Dicționar Român

  • ginseng — m. nutric. Tónico estimulante y reconstituyente utilizado desde la antigüedad en la cultura oriental que se extrae de la raíz de la planta homónima. Como estimulante natural aumenta el potencial nervioso, la energía física y la actividad sexual.… …   Diccionario médico

  • Ginseng — (Radix Ginseng, spr. Schinseng), 1) die Wurzel von der echten Kraftwurz, Panax Pseudoginseng Wallich, Pan. Schin seng E. v. E.), in der Tartarei, in China, Japan u. Nepaul, aus der Familie der Araliaceae. Die Wurzel ist von bitterlich scharfem,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ginseng — Ginseng, Schinseng, die Wurzel einer wildwachsenden Doldenpflanze in Hochasien (Panase Ginseng), gilt bei den Chinesen als Universalheilmittel, bei den Europäern sehr wenig. Die Nordamerikaner führen G. nach China aus, von dem Panax Ginguifolius …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • ginseng — (izg. žȅnšēn) m DEFINICIJA bot. 1. korijen istočnoazijske biljke (Panax ginseng); u suvremenoj farmakologiji koristi se za jačanje imuniteta 2. napitak od te biljke koji se prodaje zajedno s korijenom; panaks ETIMOLOGIJA kin. ren shen ← ren:… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • ginseng — (del coreano; pronunciamos yinsen ) sustantivo masculino 1. Planta herbácea cuyas raíces tienen propiedades terapéuticas y estimulantes: El té de gingseng es la bebida oficial de los astronautas rusos. 2. (no contable) Sustancia obtenida de la… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • ginseng — [jin′seŋ΄] adj. [Chin jēn shēn < jēn, man (from the shape of the root) + shēn, the constellation Orion] designating a family (Araliaceae, order Apiales) of dicotyledonous plants, shrubs, and trees, usually having flat clusters of small, white… …   English World dictionary

  • Ginseng — Gin seng, n. [Chinese.] (Bot.) A plant of the genus {Aralia}, the root of which is highly valued as a medicine among the Chinese. The Chinese plant ({Aralia Schinseng}) has become so rare that the American ({A. quinquefolia}) has largely taken… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ginseng — (spr. dschin ), Wurzel, s. Panax …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • GINSENG — celebratissima toto Impetio Sinico radix, nomen a figura habet, hominis viz. crura divaricantis, unde mandragoram nostratem credas, nisi quod eâ multo minor sit: Iaponensibus Nisi vocatur. Siccata flaverscit, fibras seu capillos, quibus alimentum …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.