gin rummy


gin rummy
gin4 (def. 1).
[1940-45]

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Rummy game for two players in which each is dealt 10 cards and a player may win a hand by matching or sequencing by suit all the cards in it by drawing from a deck.

Play may also end when the unmatched cards count up to 10 points or less. If a player matches all the cards he is "gin." The first player to reach 100 points wins. The game was introduced in New York in 1909.

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      card game of the rummy family that became an American fad in the 1940s.

      Two play, using a 52-card deck; each player is dealt 10 cards facedown, one at a time, beginning with the nondealer. The remainder of the deck, placed facedown, forms the stock, the top card of which is turned up beside it to start the discard pile. The nondealer may take the top card from the discard pile or refuse it; if the nondealer refuses, the dealer has the same option. If both refuse, the nondealer draws the top card of the stock. Thereafter, each player in turn takes the top card of either the discard pile or the stock and then discards one card faceup on the discard pile.

      The object of play is to form melds as in rummy—either sequences of three or more cards of the same suit or sets of three or more cards of the same rank. After drawing, a player whose unmatched cards (less one discard) total 10 points or less may “knock” (by physically rapping the playing surface or by making a verbal declaration). Face cards count 10 points each, aces 1 point each, and other cards their index value. Upon knocking, a player melds up to 10 cards, with unmatched cards to one side, and then discards the 11th card. Melding all 10 cards is called going “gin.”

      The opponent of the knocker may lay off unmatched cards upon the knocker's sets, thereby reducing the opponent's count. If the knocker has the lower count of unmatched cards, he wins the difference. Should the opponent have an equal or lesser count, he has undercut the knocker and receives the difference (if any) plus a bonus of 25 points. The knocker cannot be undercut if he has gone gin; he receives, in addition to the total points of his opponent's unmatched cards, a bonus of 25 points.

      The first to reach 100 points wins the game and receives a 100-point bonus. Each player then adds to his score 25 points for each hand he has won, called a box. If the loser has failed to score, the game is a shutout, or a schneider, and the winner's total score is doubled. Gin rummy is frequently played with several variations and as a gambling game, often for a small amount of money per point.

David Parlett

Additional Reading
Reliable sources for rules include Joli Quentin Kansil (ed.), Bicycle Official Rules of Card Games (2002); David Parlett, The A–Z of Card Games, 2nd ed. (2004; 1st ed. published as Oxford Dictionary of Card Games, 1992); and Barry Rigal, Card Games for Dummies, 2nd ed. (2005).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • gin-rummy — [ dʒinrami ] n. m. VAR. gin rami • 1964; mot angl. amér., de gin et rummy « jeu de cartes » → rami ♦ Jeu de cartes à deux joueurs et 52 cartes dont 10 distribuées à chacun. ● gin rummy ou gin rami nom masculin (am …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gin Rummy — (o abreviado como Gin) es un sencillo y popular juego de naipes para dos jugadores, creado por Elwood T. Baker en 1909. El Gin fue creado con la intención de ser más rápido que el estándar rummy, pero no tan espontáneo como el knock rummy. El Gin …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gin rummy — Rummy Rum my, n.; pl. {Rummies}. 1. One who drinks rum; an habitually intemperate person. [Low] [1913 Webster] 2, a game of cards. {Gin rummy} a type of rummy. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gin rummy — UK / US or gin UK / US noun [uncountable] a card game for two people in which players try to collect sets of cards • See: gin …   English dictionary

  • gin rummy — n [U] a type of ↑rummy (=card game for two people) …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • gin rummy — ☆ gin rummy [jin ] n. [orig., a play on GIN1, suggested by rhum, early form of RUMMY1, n.] a variety of rummy in which a hand with unmatched cards totaling no more than 10 points may be exposed: the hand exposed wins or loses points, depending on …   English World dictionary

  • gin rummy — or gin noun uncount a card game for two people in which players try to collect sets of cards …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Gin-Rummy — Eine Gin Hand Gin Rummy, kurz Gin oder Gin Rommé ist ein Kartenspiel für zwei Personen, das im Jahre 1909 von Elwood T. Baker vom Knickerbocker Whist Club in New York erfunden wurde; in den 1940er Jahren entdeckte Hollywood das Spiel und Gin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gin rummy — Infobox CardGame title = Gin Rummy subtitle = image link = image caption = alt names = Gin, Knock Poker, Poker Gin, Gin Poker type = Matching players = 2 ages = num cards = 52 deck = Anglo American play = Clockwise card rank = origin =United… …   Wikipedia

  • Gin Rummy — Eine Gin Hand Gin Rummy, kurz Gin oder Gin Rommé ist ein Kartenspiel für zwei Personen, das im Jahre 1909 von Elwood T. Baker vom Knickerbocker Whist Club in New York erfunden wurde; in den 1940er Jahren entdeckte Hollywood das Spiel und Gin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia