Gettysburg


Gettysburg
/get"iz berrg'/, n.
a borough in S Pennsylvania: Confederate forces defeated in a crucial battle of the Civil War fought near here on July 1-3, 1863; national cemetery and military park. 7194.

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Town (pop., 2000: 7,490), southern Pennsylvania, U.S. The site of a momentous American Civil War battle (see Battle of Gettysburg), the town and the surrounding area are now in Gettysburg National Military Park, which preserves 3,865 acres (1,564 hectares), including the battlefield.

The Soldiers' Monument in Gettysburg National Cemetery marks the spot where Pres. Abraham Lincoln delivered his Gettysburg Address. The site includes more than 1,200 Civil War monuments, markers, and tablets.

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      borough (town), Adams county, southern Pennsylvania, U.S., 38 miles (61 km) southwest of Harrisburg, just north of the Maryland border. Laid out in the 1780s by James Gettys and called Gettys-town, it was renamed in 1800 when it became the county seat and was incorporated in 1806. Lutheran Theological Seminary was founded there in 1826 and Pennsylvania College (now Gettysburg College) in 1832—both colleges felt the brunt of the momentous American Civil War engagement (July 1–3, 1863), the Battle of Gettysburg (Gettysburg, Battle of).

 The borough with its surrounding area is now virtually a museum focusing on Gettysburg National Military Park, 9 square miles (23 square km) in area and site of the hallowed battlefield. The Soldiers' National Monument in Gettysburg National Cemetery marks the spot where President Abraham Lincoln (Lincoln, Abraham) delivered his Gettysburg Address (November 19, 1863). There are more than 1,600 Civil War monuments, markers, and tablets; these include the cannon that fired the first shot, General Robert E. Lee (Lee, Robert E.)'s Headquarters, the National Civil War Wax Museum, the Dobbin House (used as a hospital and now a restaurant), and the Wills House (where Lincoln completed the writing of his Address). Eisenhower National Historic Site (established 1967) adjoins the southwestern corner of the military park. Covering 690 acres (279 hectares), it encompasses a farm purchased by President Dwight D. Eisenhower (Eisenhower, Dwight D.) for his retirement and adjacent land.

      Tourism, education, and mixed farming (fruit growing, dairying, and stock raising) are the borough's economic mainstays. Pop. (2000) 7,490; (2007 est.) 8,065.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gettysburg — may refer to:Events* Battle of Gettysburg, a battle during the American Civil War that took place at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on July 1 3, 1863. * Gettysburg Address, a famous speech made by President Abraham Lincoln at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania …   Wikipedia

  • Gettysburg — Memorial Lage in Pennsylvania …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gettysburg — Gettysburg, OH U.S. village in Ohio Population (2000): 558 Housing Units (2000): 201 Land area (2000): 0.440166 sq. miles (1.140025 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000407 sq. miles (0.001054 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.440573 sq. miles (1.141079 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Gettysburg — prop. n. The name of a battle of the American Civil War fought in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylavania, in 1863. At this battle, the defeat of General Robert E. Lee s invading Confederate army was a major victory for the Union, and is …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gettysburg — puede referirse a: La Batalla de Gettysburg, la mayor batalla que ha tenido lugar en América del Norte, considerada crucial en la Guerra Civil Estadounidense. Gettysburg, película de 1993 de Ronald F. Maxwell, sobre la batalla anterior. El… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gettysburg — Gettysburg, batalla de * * * Ciudad (pob., 2000: 7.49 0 hab.), en el sur del estado de Pensilvania en EE.UU. Fue escenario de una batalla transcendental de la guerra de Secesión (ver batalla de Gettysburg). En la actualidad, la ciudad y la zona… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gettysburg —   [ getɪzbəːg], Stadt im südlichen Pennsylvania, USA, 7 000 Einwohner.   Die Schlacht bei Gettysburg (1. 3. 7. 1863) brachte mit der Niederlage der Konföderierten unter General R. Lee die Wende zugunsten der Nordstaaten im Sezessionskrieg. Das… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gettysburg, OH — U.S. village in Ohio Population (2000): 558 Housing Units (2000): 201 Land area (2000): 0.440166 sq. miles (1.140025 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000407 sq. miles (0.001054 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.440573 sq. miles (1.141079 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Gettysburg, PA — U.S. borough in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 7490 Housing Units (2000): 2759 Land area (2000): 1.641704 sq. miles (4.251993 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.004723 sq. miles (0.012232 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.646427 sq. miles (4.264225 sq. km) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Gettysburg, SD — U.S. city in South Dakota Population (2000): 1352 Housing Units (2000): 683 Land area (2000): 1.864513 sq. miles (4.829066 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.864513 sq. miles (4.829066 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Gettysburg — town in southern Pennsylvania, U.S., 1800 (earlier it was Gettys town), founded 1780s by Gen. James Gettys and named for him. Civil War battle there was fought July 1 3, 1863. The Gettysburg Address was given Nov. 19, 1863, and was being called… …   Etymology dictionary


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