Germantown


Germantown
/jerr"meuhn town'/, n.
1. a NW section of Philadelphia, Pa.: American defeat by British 1777.
2. a town in SW Tennessee. 20,459.
3. a town in SE Wisconsin. 10,729.
4. Informal. any U.S. city neighborhood heavily populated with persons of German descent.

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      historic residential section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S., extending for more than a mile along Germantown Avenue (formerly High Street). The site was first settled by German Pietists led by Francis Daniel Pastorius in 1683, and the development of handicraft industries (weaving, tanning, and wagon building) led to prosperity. There William Rittenhouse built (1690) the first paper mill in the British colonies; Christopher Sower and his son established one of the colonies' largest printing presses (1738) and printed America's first European-language Bible (1743); and Jacob Bey, an employee of Sower, was the first colonial manufacturer of printed type. On October 4, 1777, George Washington's (Washington, George) Continental Army unsuccessfully fought the Battle of Germantown (Germantown, Battle of) in an effort to break the defenses of British-occupied Philadelphia.

 Much of Germantown's rich architectural heritage has been preserved. Noteworthy houses include Cliveden (1763–67; see photograph—>), which was planned by the jurist Benjamin Chew; Grumblethorpe (1744); Deshler-Morris House (1772–73), the home of President George Washington in the summers of 1793 and 1794; Wyck (1690); and Upsala (1798). Incorporated in 1689, Germantown was a separate borough before being annexed by Philadelphia in 1854.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Germantown — can mean:Places in the United States of America*Germantown, Connecticut *Germantown, Illinois *in Indiana: **Germantown, Decatur County, Indiana **Germantown, Indiana (former), a town that was located on land now covered by Geist Reservoir, which …   Wikipedia

  • Germantown — Germantown, NY U.S. Census Designated Place in New York Population (2000): 862 Housing Units (2000): 408 Land area (2000): 2.674223 sq. miles (6.926205 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.015758 sq. miles (0.040812 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.689981 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Germantown — ist ein Stadtbezirk von Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Sie war ursprünglich eine unabhängige Stadt, die 1854 in die Stadt Philadelphia eingemeindet wurde. Der ursprüngliche Name der Pennsylvania Dutch lautet Deitscheschteddel. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Germantown, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 1118 Housing Units (2000): 459 Land area (2000): 0.793572 sq. miles (2.055343 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.793572 sq. miles (2.055343 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Germantown, KY — U.S. city in Kentucky Population (2000): 190 Housing Units (2000): 85 Land area (2000): 0.270078 sq. miles (0.699499 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.270078 sq. miles (0.699499 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Germantown, MD — U.S. Census Designated Place in Maryland Population (2000): 55419 Housing Units (2000): 21568 Land area (2000): 10.773523 sq. miles (27.903296 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.052520 sq. miles (0.136027 sq. km) Total area (2000): 10.826043 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Germantown, NY — U.S. Census Designated Place in New York Population (2000): 862 Housing Units (2000): 408 Land area (2000): 2.674223 sq. miles (6.926205 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.015758 sq. miles (0.040812 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.689981 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Germantown, OH — U.S. village in Ohio Population (2000): 4884 Housing Units (2000): 1994 Land area (2000): 3.588058 sq. miles (9.293026 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.588058 sq. miles (9.293026 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Germantown, TN — U.S. city in Tennessee Population (2000): 37348 Housing Units (2000): 13676 Land area (2000): 17.582996 sq. miles (45.539749 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.033961 sq. miles (0.087958 sq. km) Total area (2000): 17.616957 sq. miles (45.627707 sq. km) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Germantown, WI — U.S. village in Wisconsin Population (2000): 18260 Housing Units (2000): 7075 Land area (2000): 34.421065 sq. miles (89.150146 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.038404 sq. miles (0.099465 sq. km) Total area (2000): 34.459469 sq. miles (89.249611 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Germantown — (spr. Dschermäntaun), 1) Städtischer Bezirk mit Postamt (Post township) in der Grafschaft Columbia des Staates New York (Nordamerika), am Hudson River, 1200 Ew.; 2) Städtischer Bezirk mit Postamt in der Grafschaft Philadelphia des Staates… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon