genus


genus
/jee"neuhs/, n., pl. genera /jen"euhr euh/, genuses.
1. Biol. the usual major subdivision of a family or subfamily in the classification of organisms, usually consisting of more than one species.
2. Logic. a class or group of individuals, or of species of individuals.
3. a kind; sort; class.
[1545-55; < L: race, stock, kind, gender; c. Gk génos. See GENS, GENDER1, KIN]

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Biological classification.

It ranks below family and above species, consisting of structurally or phylogenetically (see phylogenetic tree) related species or a single species exhibiting unusual differences. For example, the species of roses collectively form the genus Rosa and those of horses, donkeys, and zebras form the genus Equus. The genus name, capitalized and usually italicized, is the first word of a scientific name in the system of binomial nomenclature.

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taxon

      biological classification ranking between family and species, consisting of structurally or phylogenetically related species or an isolated species exhibiting unusual differentiation (monotypic genus). Thus the species of roses collectively form the genus Rosa, and the species of horses and zebras form the genus Equus. The genus name is the first word of a binomial scientific name (the species name is the second word) and is always capitalized. Thus the tea rose is Rosa odorata; the common horse is Equus caballus. See also species.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Genus — Ge nus (j[=e] n[u^]s), n.; pl. {Genera}. [L., birth, race, kind, sort; akin to Gr. ?. See {Gender}, and cf. {Benign}.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Logic) A class of objects divided into several subordinate species; a class more extensive than a species; a …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Genus — Sn Geschlecht, Art, Gattung per. Wortschatz fach. (17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Im Neuhochdeutschen entlehnt aus l. genus ( eris) Geschlecht, Art , einer Ableitung aus l. gignere hervorbringen . In der Bedeutung grammatisches Geschlecht Lehnbedeutung aus …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Genus — »Art, Gattung; grammatisches Geschlecht«: Das Fremdwort ist eine nhd. Entlehnung aus lat. genus »Geschlecht; Gesamtheit der Nachkommenschaft; Art, Gattung«, das identisch ist mit griech. génos. Beide sind Nominalbildungen zu dem idg. Verbalstamm… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • genus — (pl. genera), 1550s as a term of logic, kind or class of things (biological sense dates from c.1600), from L. genus (gen. generis) race, stock, kind; family, birth, descent, origin, cognate with Gk. genos race, kind, and gonos birth, offspring,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • genus — (izg. gȅnus) m DEFINICIJA lingv. nadređeni pojam, v. nadređen ETIMOLOGIJA lat …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • genus — [jē′nəs] n. pl. genera [jen′ər ə] or genuses [L, birth, origin, race, species, kind < IE base * ĝen , to beget, produce > L gignere, to beget, gens, clan, Gr genos, race, gignesthai, to be born, Ger kind, child, OE (ge)cynd, KIND, cennan,… …   English World dictionary

  • Genus —         (лат.) род. Философский энциклопедический словарь. М.: Советская энциклопедия. Гл. редакция: Л. Ф. Ильичёв, П. Н. Федосеев, С. М. Ковалёв, В. Г. Панов. 1983 …   Философская энциклопедия

  • genus — См. Род (Источник: «Словарь терминов микробиологии») …   Словарь микробиологии

  • genus — genus. См. род. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Genus — (lat.), 1) Geschlecht, Gattung; Art u. Weise; 2) (Grammat.), das theils durch die Bedeutung, theils durch die Endung bedingte Geschlecht ist dreifach: Masculinum, männliches, Femininum, weibliches, u. Neutrum. keines von beiden od. sächliches… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Genus — (lat., Mehrzahl Genera), Geschlecht, in der Zoologie, Botanik und Mineralogie soviel wie Gattung (s.d.). – In der Grammatik ist das G. oder Geschlecht der Substantiva ein dreifaches: G. masculinum, männliches, G. femininum, weibliches, G. neutrum …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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