genotype


genotype
genotypic /jen'euh tip"ik, jee'neuh-/, genotypical, adj.genotypically, adv.
/jen"euh tuyp', jee"neuh-/, n. Genetics.
1. the genetic makeup of an organism or group of organisms with reference to a single trait, set of traits, or an entire complex of traits.
2. the sum total of genes transmitted from parent to offspring. Cf. phenotype.
[ < G Genotypus (1909); see GENE, -O-, -TYPE]

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Genetic makeup of an organism.

The genotype determines the hereditary potentials and limitations of an individual. Among organisms that reproduce sexually, an individual's genotype comprises the entire complex of genes inherited from both parents. Sexual reproduction guarantees that each individual has a unique genotype, except for identical twins, who come from the same fertilized egg. See also phenotype, variation.

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      the genetic constitution of an organism. The genotype determines the hereditary potentials and limitations of an individual from embryonic formation through adulthood. Among organisms that reproduce sexually, an individual's genotype comprises the entire complex of genes inherited from both parents. It can be demonstrated mathematically that sexual reproduction virtually guarantees that each individual will have a unique genotype (except for those individuals, such as identical twins, who are derived from the same fertilized egg).

      The actual appearance and behaviour of the individual—i.e., the individual's phenotype (q.v.)—is determined by the dominance relationships of the alleles that make up the genotype, along with environmental influences.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Genotype — Génotype Une molécule d ADN : les deux brins sont composés de nucléotides, dont la séquence constitue l information génétique. Le génotype est l ensemble ou une partie donnée de la composition génétique (information génétique) d un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • génotype — [ ʒenotip ] n. m. • 1930; all. Genotypus, de Gen « gène » et Typus « type » ♦ Biol. Patrimoine génétique d un individu dépendant des gènes hérités de ses parents, qu ils soient exprimés ou non (opposé à phénotype). Les vrais jumeaux ont le même… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • genotype — gen o*type n. (Genetics) A group of organisms sharing a specific genetic constitution. [WordNet sense 1] [WordNet 1.5] 2. (Genetics) The genetic constitution of an organism, specifying the particular alleles at defined loci in the genome; used… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • genotype — genotype. См. генотип. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • genotype — genetic constitution of an individual, 1910, from Ger. Genotypus (1909); see GENE (Cf. gene) + TYPE (Cf. type). Earlier the same word was used with a sense of type species of a genus (1897); in this case, the first element is from GENUS (Cf.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • genotype —  Genotype  Генотип   Совокупность генов организма. Термин «генотип» предложен В.Иоганзеном в 1909 …   Толковый англо-русский словарь по нанотехнологии. - М.

  • genotype — ► NOUN Biology ▪ the genetic constitution of an individual organism. Often contrasted with PHENOTYPE(Cf. ↑phenotype). DERIVATIVES genotypic adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • genotype — [jen′ə tīp΄, jē′nətīp΄] n. [< Gr genos, race, kind (see GENUS) + TYPE] 1. the fundamental constitution of an organism in terms of its hereditary factors 2. a group of organisms each having the same hereditary characteristics 3. the type… …   English World dictionary

  • Génotype — Une molécule d ADN : les deux brins sont composés de nucléotides, dont la séquence constitue l information génétique. Le génotype est l ensemble ou une partie donnée de la composition génétique (information génétique) d un individu[1]. Le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Genotype — For a non technical introduction to the topic, see Introduction to genetics. Here the relation between genotype and phenotype is illustrated, using a Punnett square, for the character of petal colour in pea. The letters B and b represent genes… …   Wikipedia


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