- gender identity
a person's inner sense of being male or female, usually developed during early childhood as a result of parental rearing practices and societal influences and strengthened during puberty by hormonal changes. Also called core gender identity.
* * *▪ sexual behaviouran individual's self-conception as being male or female, as distinguished from actual biological sex. For most persons, gender identity and biological characteristics are the same. There are, however, circumstances in which an individual experiences little or no connection between sex and gender; in transsexualism, for example, biological sexual characteristics are distinct and unambiguous, but the affected person believes that he or she is—or ought to be—of the opposite sex (see transsexualism). Gender identity is not fixed at birth; both physiologic and social factors contribute to the early establishment of a core identity, which is modified and expanded by social factors as the child matures.Basic gender identity—the concept “I am a boy” or “I am a girl”—is generally established by the time the child reaches the age of three and is extremely difficult to modify thereafter. In cases where biological sex was ambiguous at birth and errors in sexing were made, it has been almost impossible to reestablish the proper identity later in childhood or adolescence. Furthermore, a secondary gender identity can be developed over the core identity, as sex-associated behaviours may be adopted later in life; heterosexual or homosexual orientations also develop later.Like an individual's concept of his or her sex role, gender identity develops by means of parental example, social reinforcement, and language. Parents teach sex-appropriate behaviour to their children from an early age, and this behaviour is reinforced as the child grows older and enters a wider social world. As the child acquires language, he also learns very early the distinction between “he” and “she” and understands which pertains to him- or herself.
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См. также в других словарях:
gender identity — A person s self identified gender, versus their anatomical gender at birth. In some states, it is illegal for employers to discriminate based on gender identity. Category: Employment Law & HR Nolo’s Plain English Law Dictionary. Gerald N. Hill,… … Law dictionary
gender identity — n the totality of physical and behavioral traits that are designated by a culture as masculine or feminine * * * a person s self conception as male and masculine or female and feminine, or ambivalent; usually based on physical characteristics,… … Medical dictionary
Gender identity — Not to be confused with Sexual identity. Transgender topics Identities Androgyne · Genderqueer Hijra · Third gender / Third sex Transgender · Trans man Trans woman · Trigender … Wikipedia
gender identity — noun your identity as it is experienced with regard to your individuality as male or female; awareness normally begin in infancy and is reinforced during adolescence • Hypernyms: ↑identity, ↑personal identity, ↑individuality * * * a person s… … Useful english dictionary
gender identity — гендерная идентичность … Термины гендерных исследований
gender identity — noun A persons sense of self as a member of a particular gender … Wiktionary
gender identity — sexual identity, sex of a person, feminine perception or masculine perception … English contemporary dictionary
gender identity — /dʒɛndər aɪˈdɛntəti/ (say jenduhr uy dentuhtee) noun a human identity which is premised on a sex role distinction, usually developed as part of socialisation in childhood … Australian-English dictionary
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