/gah"zeuh, gaz"euh, gay"zeuh/, n.a seaport on the Mediterranean Sea, in the Gaza Strip, adjacent to SW Israel; occupied by Israel 1967-94; since 1994 under Palestinian self-rule: ancient trade-route center. 118,300.
* * *▪ African kingdomkingdom established in the highlands of the middle Sabi River in Mozambique in the 1830s by Soshangane, the Ndwandwe general who fled from Zululand after his defeat at the hands of Shaka during the Zulu-Nguni wars known as the Mfecane. Soshangane extended his control over the area between the Komati (Incomati) and the Zambezi rivers, incorporating the local Tsonga and Shona peoples into his Zulu-type state and reducing the Portuguese to tributary status. The kingdom lasted until 1897, when, weakened by internal tensions, it was overthrown by the Portuguese.Arabic Ghazzah , Hebrew ʿAzzacity and principal urban centre of the Gaza Strip, southwestern Palestine. Formerly the administrative headquarters for the Israeli military forces that occupied the Gaza Strip, the city came under Palestinian control in 2005.Records exist indicating continuous habitation at the site for more than three millennia, the earliest being a reference by Pharaoh Thutmose III (18th dynasty; 15th century BC). It is also mentioned in the Tell el-Amarna tablets, the diplomatic and administrative records of ancient Egypt. After 300 years of Egyptian occupation, the Peleset (Philistines), one of the Sea Peoples, settled the city and surrounding area. Gaza became an important centre of the Philistine Pentapolis (league of five cities). There the biblical hero Samson perished while toppling the temple of the god Dagon. Because of its strategic position on the Via Maris, the ancient coastal road linking Egypt with Palestine and the lands beyond, Gaza experienced little peace in antiquity; it fell, successively, to the Israelite king David and to the Assyrians, Egyptians, Babylonians, and Persians. Alexander the Great met stiff resistance there, and, after conquering it, he sold its inhabitants into slavery. Throughout its history it was a prosperous trade centre. In Hellenistic and Roman times the harbour, about 3 miles (5 km) from the city proper, was called Neapolis (Greek: “New City”).In AD 635 the Arabs took Gaza, and it became a Muslim city. Gaza has long been an important centre of Islamic tradition and is the reputed site of the burial place of Hāshim ibn ʿAbd Manāf, great-grandfather of the Prophet Muḥammad, and the birthplace of al-Shāfiʿī (767–820), founder of the Shāfiʿite school of Muslim legal interpretation. The city declined during the Crusades and never regained its former importance. After the sultan Saladin (Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn) defeated the Crusaders occupying the region at the Battle of Ḥaṭṭīn (1187), Gaza reverted to Muslim control; it passed to the Ottoman Turks in the 16th century. In World War I it was stoutly defended by the Turks and was not taken by British forces until November 1917.After the war Gaza became part of mandated Palestine, and a small coastal port (fishing, lighterage) was operated on the coast. When the Palestine partition plan was promulgated by the United Nations (1947), Gaza was assigned to what was to be an Arab state. That state, however, was not set up, and Gaza was occupied in 1948 by Egyptians. At the time of the signing of the Israeli-Egyptian armistice (February 1949), Egypt held Gaza and its environs, a situation that resulted in the creation of the Gaza Strip. (See Arab-Israeli wars.) Egypt did not annex the city and territory but administered it through a military governor. Gaza and its surroundings have continued to be greatly overpopulated by Palestinian Arab refugees.During the Sinai campaign of November 1956, Gaza and its environs were taken by Israeli troops, but international pressure soon forced Israel to withdraw. Reoccupied by Israel in the Six-Day War (June 1967), the city remained under Israeli military administration until 1994, when a phased transfer of governmental authority to the Palestinians got under way. In 2005 Israel completed its withdrawal from the Gaza Strip, handing over control of the region to the Palestinians.Long a prosperous citrus centre, Gaza also has extensive truck farms within the city limits. Dark pottery, food products, and finished textiles are manufactured; the city has a long-standing textile industry. Sites of interest include at the harbour an early Byzantine mosaic floor (6th century AD), evidently of a synagogue, showing King David playing the harp and dressed as the Greek hero Orpheus. Pop. (2005 est.) 479,400.
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gaza — gaza … Dictionnaire des rimes
Gaza — • A titular see of Palaestina Prima, in the Patriarchate of Jerusalem Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Gaza Gaza † … Catholic encyclopedia
GAZA — (Heb. עַזָּה, Azzah), city on the southern coastal plain of Ereẓ Israel. From earliest times it served as the base of Egyptian operations in Canaan. Unlike the neighboring sites of Tell el Ajjul and Tell Ali Muntar, Gaza itself did not have much… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
GAZA — La bande de Gaza s’étire sur quelque 55 kilomètres et couvre 350 kilomètres carrés. Avec près de 850 000 habitants en 1995, ce petit territoire côtier a donc une densité supérieure à 2 400 habitants au kilomètre carré. C’est au monde l’une des… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Gaza — steht für: Gaza (Stadt) in den palästinensischen Autonomiegebieten Gazastreifen, Küstengebiet am östlichen Mittelmeer, palästinensisches Autonomiegebiet Gouvernement Gaza, Regierungsbezirk im Gazastreifen Gaza (Titularbistum) Gaza (Iowa) in den… … Deutsch Wikipedia
gâză — GÂZĂ, gâze, s.f. Nume generic dat insectelor mici zburătoare. – Probabil formaţie onomatopeică. Trimis de gall, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98 GÂZA CÁLULUI s. v. musca calului. Trimis de siveco, 22.11.2007. Sursa: Sinonime GÂZĂ s. v. insectă.… … Dicționar Român
GAZA — insignis Palaestinae civitas, ex 5. Satrapiis Philistinorum, Aegyptum versus ultima, quae olim Iudae in sortem cecidit, Morer. Simeonis adscribit, sic dicta a regia Gaza, i. e. pecunia, quam illuc olim Camby ses Persarum Rex vehi curarat, quondam … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
gaza — GAZÁ, gazez, vb. I. tranz. 1. A expune un spaţiu limitat acţiunii unor gaze toxice pentru distrugerea anumitor organisme vii dăunătoare (paraziţi, şoareci, insecte). 2. A lansa gaze toxice într o zonă în timp de război pentru a distruge în masă;… … Dicționar Român
gaza — gáza ž DEFINICIJA laka tkanina rijetka tkanja od pamuka, lana ili svile za previjanje rana [sterilizirana gaza; hidrofilna gaza] ETIMOLOGIJA fr. gaze … Hrvatski jezični portal
Gaza  — Gaza, 1) Liwa im türkischen Ejalet Damask, Theil von Syrien, an Arabien u. das Mittelmeer grenzend; 2) Hauptstadt darin, liegt am Fuße der Anhöhe, welche die alte Stadt trug, von deren zwölf festen Thoren, so wie andern früheren Bauwerken noch… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Gaza  — Gaza, Theodoros von Gaza, s. Theodor … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon