gavotte


gavotte
/geuh vot"/, n.
1. an old French dance in moderately quick quadruple meter.
2. a piece of music for, or in the rhythm of, this dance, often forming one of the movements in the classical suite, usually following the saraband.
Also, gavot.
[1690-1700; < F < Pr gavoto a mountaineer of Provence, a dance of such mountaineers, appar. deriv. of gava bird's crop (prob. < pre-L *gaba throat, crop, goiter), alluding to the prevalence of goiter among the mountaineers]

* * *

Folk dance of French peasant origin, supposedly danced by the people of Gap (Gavots).

The dance became popular as a court dance in the 17th–18th century, developing more complicated steps under the direction of ballet masters. Its slow, walking steps were danced to music in 44 time. Musically it included three parts and was an optional movement of the suite.

* * *

dance
 lively peasants' kissing dance that became fashionable at the 17th- and 18th-century courts of France and England. Supposedly originated by the natives of Gap (Gavots) in the southeastern French province of Dauphiné, the gavotte was danced in royal ballrooms as a round with skipping steps adapted from the branle. Couples concluded improvised duet performances by kissing their partners. Later the dance developed more formal figures, and flowers were exchanged instead of kisses. At the French court in the 18th century, the gavotte was at first stately and later more ornate; its slow walking steps were in 4/4 time, with upbeats on beats 3 and 4.

      In a suite the gavotte appears among the optional subordinate movements called galanteries. Its three-part composition is written in its early lusty 2/2 rhythm but retains the later two upbeats; its second section is a musette, a pastoral air in which a drone bass runs throughout.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • GAVOTTE — Basse danse (glissée, non sautée) française d’origine populaire (en provençal, gavoto évoque les Gavots, habitants de la région de Gap), de rythme binaire (deux pas et un pas assemblé) et de tempo ordinairement modéré. La gavotte commence… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • gavotte — GAVOTTE. sub. f. Espece de danse gaye. Danser la gavotte. Il se prend aussi, Pour l air sur lequel on danse la gavotte. Ce Musicien a fait une belle gavotte. joüer une gavotte …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • gavotte — lively dance, 1690s, from Fr. gavotte (17c.), from O.Prov. gavoto “mountaineer s dance,” from gavot, a local name for an Alpine resident, lit. “boor, glutton,” from gaver “to stuff, force feed poultry,” from O.Prov. gava “crop.”… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Gavotte — (spr. Gawott), französischer Tanz von heiterem u. graziösem Charakter, in gerader Tactart, meist 2/4 Tact, mit zwei Reprisen; von Einem Paare auf einmal getanzt. Sonst brauchte man die G. auch in Sonaten, Partien etc.; kommt jetzt nur noch selten …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Gavotte — (spr gawótt ), alter, schon von I. Tabouret in seiner »Orchéographie« (1589) beschriebener, in dem Dauphiné heimischer Tanz, der besonders durch Lullys Ballettopern allgemeine Verbreitung fand. Die G. steht im Allabrevetakt (2/2) mit 1/2 Auftakt… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gavotte — Gavotte, franz. Tanzmusikstück von munterm Charakter, im 18. Jahrh. im Opernballett und von deutschen Meistern (bes. Bach, dann auch von Raff, Reinecke u.a.) als Satz der Suite verwendet; auch für Klavier komponiert …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gavotte — Gavotte, Tonstück von munterem Charakter, gewöhnl. zum theatralischen Tanze angewandt, früher in anderen Tonstücken, Sonaten und Suiten gebräuchlich …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • gavotte — ► NOUN ▪ a medium paced French dance, popular in the 18th century. ORIGIN Provençal gavoto dance of the mountain people , from Gavot a native of the Alps …   English terms dictionary

  • gavotte — [gə vät′] n. [Fr < Prov gavoto, dance of the Gavots, name used for a people of Hautes Alpes, France, lit., boors, gluttons < gaver, to stuff, force feed (poultry) < OProv gava, crop] 1. a 17th cent. dance like the minuet, but faster and… …   English World dictionary

  • Gavotte — The gavotte (also gavot or gavote) originated as a French folk dance, taking its name from the Gavot people of the Pays de Gap region of Dauphiné, where the dance originated. It is notated in 4/4 or 2/2 time and is of moderate tempo. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Gavotte — Die Gavotte ist ein historischer Gesellschaftstanz. Sie ist häufig Bestandteil der barocken Suite. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Gavotte in der Barockmusik 2 Notenbeispiel 3 Gavotte in der bretonischen Musik …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.