gastronomy


gastronomy
gastronomic /gas'treuh nom"ik/, gastronomical, adj.gastronomically, adv.
/ga stron"euh mee/, n.
1. the art or science of good eating.
2. a style of cooking or eating.
[1805-15; < F gastronomie < Gk gastronómia. See GASTRO-, -NOMY]

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Art of selecting, preparing, serving, and enjoying fine food.

Two early centres of gastronomy were China (from the 5th century BC) and Rome, the latter noted for the excess and ostentation of its banquets. The foundations of modern Western gastronomy were laid during the Renaissance, particularly in Italy and France. The influential grande cuisine of France reached its apex in the works of Marie-Antoine Carême and Auguste Escoffier. Regardless of regional differences in cuisine, a primary consideration in food preparation is freshness. Others include complementarity or opposition of taste, contrast of textures, and overall appearance, including colour harmony and accent. See also nouvelle cuisine.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Gastronomy — is the study of the relationship between culture and food. It is often thought erroneously that the term gastronomy refers exclusively to the art of cooking (see Culinary Arts), but this is only a small part of this discipline; it cannot always… …   Wikipedia

  • Gastronomy — Gas*tron o*my, n. [Gr. ?: cf. F. gastronomie.] The art or science of good eating; epicurism; the art of good cheer. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gastronomy — 1814, from Fr. gastronomie, coined 1800 by Joseph de Berchoux (1762 1838) as title of poem on good living, after Gastrologia, title of a now lost poem of antiquity, quoted by Athenaeus (see GASTROLOGY (Cf. gastrology)). Berchoux s word is from… …   Etymology dictionary

  • gastronomy — ► NOUN ▪ the practice or art of choosing, cooking, and eating good food. DERIVATIVES gastronomic adjective. ORIGIN Greek gastronomia, from gast r stomach …   English terms dictionary

  • gastronomy — [gas trän′ə mē] n. [Fr gastronomie, after Gr Gastronomia, poem by Archestratus (4th c. B.C. ): see GASTRO & NOMY] the art or science of good eating; epicurism gastronomic [gas΄trə näm′ik] adj. gastronomical gastronomically adv …   English World dictionary

  • gastronomy — [[t]gæstrɒ̱nəmi[/t]] N UNCOUNT Gastronomy is the activity and knowledge involved in preparing and appreciating good food. [FORMAL] Burgundy has always been considered a major centre of gastronomy …   English dictionary

  • gastronomy — noun Etymology: French gastronomie, from Greek Gastronomia, title of a 4th century B.C. poem, from gastro gastr + nomia nomy Date: 1814 1. the art or science of good eating 2. culinary customs or style • gastronomic also gastronomical adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • gastronomy — noun /ɡæˈstɹɒnəmi/ The study of the relationship between food and culture …   Wiktionary

  • gastronomy — (Roget s 3 Superthesaurus) n. ecpicurism …   English dictionary for students

  • gastronomy — gas|tron|o|my [gæˈstrɔnəmi US gæˈstra: ] n [U] formal [Date: 1800 1900; : French; Origin: gastronomie, from Greek gaster stomach ] the art and science of cooking and eating good food …   Dictionary of contemporary English


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