Garden City

Garden City
1. a city in SE Michigan, near Detroit. 35,640.
2. a city on W Long Island, in SE New York. 22,927.
3. a city in W Kansas. 18,256.

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Ideal planned community as envisioned by the British town planner Ebenezer Howard (1850–1928).

It was to be a small city that combined the amenities of urban and rural life; it would be compact, with contained growth. At the center would be a garden ringed with a civic and cultural complex, a park, housing, and industry, the whole surrounded by an agricultural green belt. Traffic would move along radial avenues and ring roads. The first garden city was built at Letchworth, England, in 1903. Though Howard's ideas have been widely influential, imitators have often ignored his stipulation that the town be a self-contained, true mixed-use community.

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      city, seat (1883) of Finney county, southwestern Kansas, U.S. It lies on the Arkansas River. Founded in 1878, it acquired its name through the suggestion of a visitor who admired a local flower garden. The city is the centre of an irrigated agricultural area of the Arkansas River valley known for its alfalfa, wheat, grain sorghum, sugar beets, and livestock. The city's chief industries include meatpacking, food processing, machine shops, and the manufacture of brick and tile. Natural gas and oil are produced in the vicinity. Garden City Community College was established in 1919. Lee Richardson Zoo, located within Finnup Park, is the state's largest zoo. The Finney Game Refuge just south of the city protects a large buffalo herd. Inc. 1883. Pop. (1990) 24,097; (2000) 28,451.

      residential village, town (township) of Hempstead, Nassau county, New York, U.S. It is located on western Long Island. One of the nation's first planned communities, it was the aspiration of textile merchant Alexander Turney Stewart (Stewart, Alexander Turney), who bought a 7,000-acre (2,800-hectare) tract of land there in 1869. His heirs founded the Garden City Company, which developed and guided the community until its incorporation as a village in 1919. Distinguished for its handsome residential areas and garden atmosphere, it is the site of the English Gothic Cathedral of the Incarnation (seat of the Episcopal diocese of Long Island) and the George Mercer Jr. Memorial School of Theology. Adelphi University (founded 1896 in Brooklyn) was relocated to Garden City in 1929. Nearby Roosevelt Field, now covered by a shopping centre, was the starting point for Charles A. Lindbergh (Lindbergh, Charles A.)'s historic transatlantic flight in 1927. Nassau Community College (founded 1959), part of the State University of New York (New York, State University of (SUNY)) system, is in Garden City. Pop. (1990) 21,686; (2000) 21,672.

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Universalium. 2010.


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