Garden


Garden
/gahr"dn/, n.
Mary, 1877-1967, U.S. soprano.

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I
Plot of ground where herbs, fruits, flowers, vegetables, or trees are cultivated.

The earliest surviving detailed garden plan is Egyptian and dates from about 1400 BC; it shows tree-lined avenues and rectangular ponds. Mesopotamian gardens were places where shade and cool water could be enjoyed; Hellenistic gardens were conspicuously luxurious in their display of precious materials, a tradition carried over by Byzantine gardens. Islamic gardens made use of water, often in pools and fed by narrow canals resembling irrigation channels. In Renaissance Europe, gardens reflected confidence in human ability to impose order on the external world; Italian gardens emphasized the unity of house and garden. French 17th-century gardens were rigidly symmetrical, and French cultural dominance in Europe popularized this style into the next century. In 18th-century England, increasing awareness of the natural world led to the development of "natural" gardens that made use of irregular, nonsymmetrical layouts. Chinese gardens have generally harmonized with the natural landscape, and have employed rocks gathered from great distances as a universal decorative feature. Early Japanese gardens imitated Chinese principles; later developments were the abstract garden, which might feature only sand and rocks, and miniature gardens made in trays (see bonsai).
II
(as used in expressions)
garden pepper
botanic garden
Royal Botanic Gardens Kew
organic gardening

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Garden — Gar den (g[aum]r d n; 277), n. [OE. gardin, OF. gardin, jardin, F. jardin, of German origin; cf. OHG. garto, G. garten; akin to AS. geard. See {Yard} an inclosure.] 1. A piece of ground appropriated to the cultivation of herbs, fruits, flowers,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Garden — bezeichnet: Orte: Garden (Alabama) in den Vereinigten Staaten Garden County, Verwaltungseinheit in Nebraska, Vereinigte Staaten Garden (Mecklenburg), Ortsteil der Gemeinde Lohmen (Mecklenburg) im Landkreis Rostock in Mecklenburg Vorpommern,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Garden — (en castellano: jardín) puede referirse a: Garden, canción del grupo japonés Globe. Garden, canción del grupo de rock estadounidense Pearl Jam. Autores de nombres científicos Garden Alexander Garden 1730 1792 J.Garden Joy Garden 1923 Véase… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Garden — Garden, MI U.S. village in Michigan Population (2000): 240 Housing Units (2000): 129 Land area (2000): 0.847775 sq. miles (2.195726 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.170234 sq. miles (0.440904 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.018009 sq. miles (2.636630 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • garden — [gärd′ n] n. [ME < NormFr gardin < Frank * gardo, akin to Ger garten, OE geard: see YARD2, GARTH] 1. a piece of ground, usually close to a house, for growing vegetables, fruits, flowers, ornamental shrubs or trees, etc. 2. a well cultivated …   English World dictionary

  • Garden — (Montanaro,Италия) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: Piazza Senatore Frola Secondo 4, 10017 Mo …   Каталог отелей

  • Garden B&B — (Ареццо,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Via Gaetano Tortelli 9, 52100 Ареццо, Италия …   Каталог отелей

  • Garden — (Лименария,Греция) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: Limenária, Лименария, 64002, Гр …   Каталог отелей

  • Gardèn — (Ardevol,Испания) Категория отеля: Адрес: Casa Gardèn S/N, 25287 Ardevol, Испания …   Каталог отелей

  • Garden — Gar den, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Gardened}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Gardening}.] To lay out or cultivate a garden; to labor in a garden; to practice horticulture. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Garden, MI — U.S. village in Michigan Population (2000): 240 Housing Units (2000): 129 Land area (2000): 0.847775 sq. miles (2.195726 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.170234 sq. miles (0.440904 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.018009 sq. miles (2.636630 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


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