/gung"tok"/, n.a city in and the capital of Sikkim, in the S part. 36,768.
* * *At an elevation of 5,600 ft (1,700 m), it overlooks the Ranipool River. It was the governmental seat of the kingdom of Sikkim until the monarchy was abolished (1975) and India annexed Sikkim (1976). It was an important point on the India-Tibet trade route until the border with Tibet was closed in 1962. The former royal palace and chapel are located there; the noted Buddhist monastery of Rumtek is nearby.
* * *▪ Indiatown, capital of Sikkim state, northeastern India. It lies at an elevation of 5,600 feet (1,700 metres), and its name means “Top of the Hill.” The town rises over slopes extensively terraced in corn (maize). It was the governmental seat of the kingdom of Sikkim until the monarchy was abolished (1975) and Sikkim was annexed by India (1976).Gangtok's population includes Nepalese, Tibetans, Lepchas, and Indians. The town serves as a market centre for corn, rice, pulses, and oranges. It was an important point on the India-Tibet trade route via Nathu Pass (Nathu-la), 13 miles (21 km) northeast, until the border with Tibet was closed in 1962. The pass was reopened for trade, however, in 2006. From Gangtok the North Sikkim Highway (1962) reaches the Tibetan border areas via Lachung and Lachen, and the National Highway runs southwest to India.Gangtok's townscape is marked by the former royal palace and chapel, two monasteries, the open-air Lall Market, the Namgyal Institute of Tibetology (1958; a centre for research in Mahayana Buddhism, including a library and a museum), and the Cottage Industries Institute (1957). The noted Buddhist monastery of Rumtek is 5 miles (8 km) southwest, and the royal cremation ground is at nearby Lukshiyama. Also nearby is the Do-drul Chorten (Do-drul Stupa), built by Tibetan Buddhists in the 1940s; its gold-topped stupa (commemorative monument) is encircled by 108 prayer wheels. Gangtok has government-maintained nurseries for cardamom—an important export from the state—and subtropical fruits, and there is an experimental agricultural station at Tadong, to the south. The town's Deorali Orchid Sanctuary houses some 200 species of orchids found in Sikkim. Pop. (2001) 29,354.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Gangtok — Gangtok … Deutsch Wikipedia
Gangtok — Gangtok, Hauptstadt des Bundesstaates Sikkim, Nordostindien, 1 700 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 25 000 Einwohner. Geschichte: Die Hauptstadt des ehemaligen Himalaja Königreiches Sikkim war bis zum Einmarsch der Chinesen in Tibet (1950/51) ein… … Universal-Lexikon
Gangtok — es la capital y principal ciudad del estado de Sikkim en la India. Situada en las laderas de los Himalayas a una altura de 1.780 metros, la ciudad es famosa por sus limpios alrededores y por su clima templado. Esta estación de montaña, con una… … Enciclopedia Universal
Gangtok — v. de l Inde, dans l Himalaya, cap. du Sikkim; 37 000 hab … Encyclopédie Universelle
Gangtok — [guŋ′täk΄] city in E India: capital of Sikkim state: pop. 25,000 … English World dictionary
Gangtok — Infobox Indian Jurisdiction native name=Gangtok type=capital |skyline = Gangtok.jpg skyline caption = Gangtok as viewed from the opposite hill locator position=left latd = 27.33 | longd = 88.62 state name=Sikkim district=East Sikkim leader… … Wikipedia
Gangtok — Localización de la ciudad de Gangtok. Gangtok pronunciación ▶?/i es la capital y principal ciudad del estado de Sikkim en la India. Situada en las la … Wikipedia Español
Gangtok — Demande de traduction Gangtok → … Wikipédia en Français
Gangtok — Original name in latin Gangtok Name in other language Gangtok, Gangtoka, Gangtokas, gaingatoka, gan tuo ke, ganatoka, gangataka, gangatok, gangatoka, gangtokeu, gannteakk, gantoka, gantoku, gyantaka, kentak, Гангток, Ґанґток, State code IN… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Gangtok — geographical name town NE India capital of Sikkim population 24,971 … New Collegiate Dictionary