/gal"veuh steuhn/, n.a seaport in SE Texas, on an island at the mouth of Galveston Bay. 61,902.
* * *City (pop., 2000: 57,247) and port of entry, southeastern Texas, U.S. Located at the northeastern end of Galveston Island in the Gulf of Mexico, it was the pirate Jean Laffite's headquarters (1817–21).Settlement of the island then began, and the town of Galveston was laid out in 1834; during the Texas revolt against Mexico (1835–36), it briefly served as the capital. During the American Civil War it was an important Confederate supply port. Although the city suffered from several hurricanes in the 20th century, it remains a major deepwater port, with shipping and oil-refining facilities.
* * *city, seat (1838) of Galveston county, southeastern Texas, U.S., 51 miles (82 km) southeast of Houston. It is a major deepwater port on the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway, at the northeast end of Galveston Island, which extends along the Texas coast for about 30 miles (48 km), separating Galveston Bay and West Bay from the Gulf of Mexico.The Spanish explorer Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca (Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, Álvar) was probably shipwrecked on the island in 1528. The French explorer La Salle (La Salle, René-Robert Cavelier, sieur (lord) de) visited the island in 1686 and named it St. Louis for his sovereign, but it remained unoccupied except by Karankawa Indians. In 1777 troops of Bernardo de Gálvez, Spanish governor of Louisiana (later viceroy of Mexico), temporarily occupied the island and named it Gálvez (whence Galveston). The pirate Jean Laffite (Laffite, Jean) made the place his headquarters from 1817 to 1821.Settlement of the island then began, and in 1834 Michel B. Menard organized the Galveston City Company and laid out a town site. During the Texas revolt against Mexico (1835–36), the four ships that constituted the Texas Navy (Invincible, Brutus, Liberty, and Independence) were based at Galveston; the city briefly, before the successful outcome of the Battle of San Jacinto (San Jacinto, Battle of) (April 21, 1836), served as the capital of the republic when the temporary president, David Burnet, arrived there with his cabinet. During the Civil War Galveston was an important Confederate supply port; it was captured by a Union fleet in October 1862 but was retaken by Confederates a few months later.Two factors dislodged Galveston from its leading commercial position: the rise of competitive Texas ports, notably Houston, and a destructive hurricane on September 8, 1900, in which more than 5,000 lives were lost and much of the city was destroyed. After this disaster, a protective seawall 17 feet (5 metres) high and 10 miles (16 km) long was built, paralleled by a wide boulevard overlooked by hotels. The wall broke the force of a powerful hurricane in September 1961 and reduced flood damage. The seawall held back the worst of the storm surge when Hurricane Ike made landfall on September 13, 2008, but it failed to prevent large-scale flooding and widespread damage to homes and businesses.Shipping, oil refining, food processing, and resort business are major economic assets. Chief exports are cotton, grain, and sulfur; imports include sugar, tea, and bananas. Galveston offers ship repairing, including nuclear-service facilities. The island is connected to the mainland by causeways, and a superhighway gives rapid access to Texas City, Houston, and other communities. Access from the northeast is by ferry from Bolivar Peninsula across Galveston Harbor. The city is the site of the University of Texas Medical Branch (1881); a marine sciences and maritime resources branch of Texas A&M University (Texas A&M University) (1962); and Galveston (junior) College (1966). Of historical and touristic interest is the Strand, a 40-block area of Victorian homes, art galleries, shops, and restaurants. Moody Gardens, adjoining the Galveston Island Convention Center, comprises a pyramid containing an artificial rainforest, an aquarium, a paddle-wheel steamship, and other attractions. Inc. 1839. Pop. (2000) 57,247; (2007 est.) 56,940.
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Galveston — • The Diocese of Galveston was established in 1847 and comprises that part of the State of Texas, U.S.A., between the Sabine River on the east, the Colorado River on the west, the Gulf of Mexico on the south, and the northern line of the counties … Catholic encyclopedia
Galveston — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Galveston (Indiana) Galveston (Kentucky) Galveston (Texas) Galveston County der Galveston Bay Siehe auch : Galveston Hurrikan (1900) Erzbistum Galveston Houston (lat.: Archidioecesis… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Galveston — Galveston, IN U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 1532 Housing Units (2000): 649 Land area (2000): 0.566793 sq. miles (1.467988 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.566793 sq. miles (1.467988 sq … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Galveston — es una ciudad de Texas ubicada al noroeste del Golfo de México. La ciudad es la cuna de Barry White, un músico gospel nacido el 12 de septiembre de 1944. El nombre de Galveston es en honor a Bernardo de Gálvez, un gobernador de la española… … Enciclopedia Universal
Galveston — [gal′və stən] [< GALVESTON BAY] seaport in SE Tex., on an island (Galveston Island) at the mouth of Galveston Bay: pop. 57,000 … English World dictionary
Galveston — [ gælvɪstən], Hafenstadt in Texas, USA, auf einer schmalen Nehrungsinsel im Golf von Mexiko, mit dem Festland durch einen Damm verbunden, 59 100 Einwohner; Zweig der University of Texas; Erdölraffinerien, Schiffsreparatur, chemische und… … Universal-Lexikon
Galveston, IN — U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 1532 Housing Units (2000): 649 Land area (2000): 0.566793 sq. miles (1.467988 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.566793 sq. miles (1.467988 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Galveston, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 57247 Housing Units (2000): 30017 Land area (2000): 46.151245 sq. miles (119.531170 sq. km) Water area (2000): 162.193994 sq. miles (420.080497 sq. km) Total area (2000): 208.345239 sq. miles (539.611667 sq.… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Galveston — (spr. gällwĕst n, auch gawĕst n), Stadt im nordamerik. Staate Texas, auf einer Strandinsel am Galveston Inlet, 1835 gegründet, (1900) 37.789 E., kath. Universität, Hafen; Baumwollausfuhr. 8. Sept. 1900 größtenteils durch Sturm und Überschwemmung… … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Galveston — (spr. Galwestn), 1) Grafschaft im Staate Texas (Nordamerika), an den Mexikanischen Meerbusen u. die Galvestonbai grenzend, 15 QM., aus der gleichnamigen Halbinsel bestehend, durch die Westbai vom Festland getrennt; Boden eben u. sandig; Producte … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Galveston — (spr. gällwest n), Hauptstadt der gleichnamigen Grafschaft und wichtigste Seestadt des nordamerikan. Staates Texas, am nordöstlichen Ende einer 47 km langen, 3–6 km breiten, unfruchtbaren Nehrungsinsel und an dem durch große Seedammanlagen… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon