galliard


galliard
/gal"yeuhrd/, n.
a spirited dance for two dancers in triple rhythm, common in the 16th and 17th centuries.
Also, gaillard.
[1525-35; < MF gaillard, n. use of adj.: lively, vigorous ( > ME gaillard, late ME galyarde), prob. < Gallo-Rom *galia < Celtic (cf. MIr gal warlike ardor, valor); see -ARD]

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dance
 (French gaillard: “lively”), vigorous 16th-century European court dance. Its four hopping steps and one high leap permitted athletic gentlemen to show off for their partners. Performed as the afterdance of the stately pavane, the galliard originated in 15th-century Italy. It was especially fashionable from c. 1530 to 1620 in France, Spain, and England, where it was often called the cinquepace after its five basic steps (French cinqpas). Queen Elizabeth I is said to have practiced galliards as her morning exercise.

      To perform the galliard, couples danced the length of the ballroom either together, men leaping higher than women, or separately. In the wooing pantomime of the early galliard, the men pursued their coyly retreating partners. The step was performed in six counts (two measures of music in moderate 3/4 time). Musicians usually wrote pavanes and galliards in pairs, the galliard time being a rhythmic adaptation of that of the preceding pavane.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Galliard — Gal liard, n. [F. gaillarde, cf. Sp. gallarda. See {Galliard}, a.] A gay, lively dance. Cf. {Gailliarde}. [1913 Webster] Never a hall such a galliard did grace. Sir. W. Scott. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Galliard — ist der Familienname von: Johann Ernst Galliard (1687–1749), deutscher Komponist und Musiker Peter Galliard (* 1961), Opernsänger (Tenor) aus der Schweiz Siehe auch: Gaillarde, ein ab 1400 in Frankreich verbreiteter Tanz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Galliard — Gal liard, n. A brisk, gay man. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Selden is a galliard by himself. Cleveland. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Galliard — Gal liard, a. [OE., fr. F. gaillard, perh. of Celtic origin; cf. Ir. & Gael. galach valiant, or AS. gagol, geagl, wanton, lascivious.] Gay; brisk; active. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Galliard — Galliard, s. Gaillard …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Galliard — Variante de Gaillard (voir ce nom) d origine apparemment savoyarde. Autre variante de Gaillard : Galliaerde (59, 80) …   Noms de famille

  • galliard — [gal′yərd] adj. [ME gaillard < OFr, brave < ML * galia, strength < IE base * gal , to be able] Obs. 1. valiant; sturdy 2. lively n. 1. a lively French dance in triple time, for two dancers, popular in the 16th and 17th cent. 2. music for …   English World dictionary

  • Galliard — For other uses, see Gaillard (disambiguation). Galliard in Siena, Italy, 15th century The galliard (gaillarde in French; gagliarda in Italian) was a form of Renaissance dance and music popular all over Europe in the 16th century. It is mentioned… …   Wikipedia

  • galliard — Cinque pace Cinque pace , n. [Cinque + pace.] A lively dance (called also {galliard}), the steps of which were regulated by the number five. [Obs.] Nares. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • galliard — I. adjective Etymology: Middle English gaillard strong, lively, from Anglo French, bold, stalwart Date: 14th century archaic gay, lively II. noun Date: 1533 a sprightly dance with five steps to a phrase popular in the 16th and 17th centuries …   New Collegiate Dictionary