gagaku


gagaku
/gah gah"kooh/, n.
1. the select group of Japanese men who, as both dancers and musicians, perform the bugaku.
2. the style of music played to accompany the bugaku.
[ < Japn < MChin, equiv. to Chin ya elegant + yuè music; cf. BUGAKU]

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Traditional court and religious music of Japan.

It first appeared in Japan as an import from Korea in the 5th century AD and had become established at court by the 8th century. Though little notation from before the 12th century survives, a mostly later body of music continues to be performed at Shintō ceremonies. Gagaku employs transverse flute (ryuteki), double-reed pipe (hichiriki), mouth organ (shō), gong (shōko), drums, and stringed instruments including the biwa (see pipa) and koto. It may accompany dance (bugaku) or be played independently (kangen); it is further classified either as tōgaku, the so-called music of the left (which included Chinese and Indian materials), or as komagaku, the music of the right (including Korean examples). (The terms left and right were derived from the Confucian-based administration system of the capital during the Heian period.)

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▪ East Asian music
(Japanese), Korean  a-ak 

      ancient court music. The name is a Japanese (arts, East Asian) pronunciation of the Chinese characters for elegant music (ya yueh). Such music first appeared in Japan as an import from Korea in the 5th century and had become an established court tradition by the 8th century. The various forms of North Asian, Chinese, Indian, Southeast Asian, and indigenous Japanese music were organized in the 9th century into two major categories: tōgaku, the so-called music of the left, included Chinese and Indian materials; and komagaku, the music of the right, contained the rest. The flute and main drum of the two ensembles differ, and komagaku does not use strings. Purely instrumental performances of gagaku are called kangen (flutes and strings), while dances and their accompaniment are called bugaku. Various forms of Shintō ritual or ancient vocal music also survive.

      The solo music for the instruments of gagaku has been lost, although some notations survive. The mnemonic nature of the notation and the rote methods of teaching the music make it difficult to reconstruct such lost traditions as well as to evaluate the present performance practice of existing ensemble music. Nevertheless, the very continuance of such ancient forms through all the vicissitudes of history gives extremely rare living insights into the probable nature of music and cultural life in East Asia 1,000 years ago. Gagaku and Korean a-ak not only provide information about traditional national musical forms but also are the major sources for clues concerning the music of China's brilliant T'ang dynasty period (618–907).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gagaku — (jap. 雅楽, dt. elegante Musik) wird die Musikart genannt, die seit dem 7. bis 9. Jahrhundert (Heian Zeit) am japanischen Kaiserhof gespielt wird. Ursprünglich stammte diese Musikform aus dem Kaiserreich China. Sie besteht sowohl aus Kammermusik… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gagaku — ● gagaku nom masculin (japonais gagaku, musique élégante) Terme générique désignant la musique de cour au Japon, comprenant les pièces orchestrales (kangen), la musique de danse (bugaku), les chants et la musique rituelle (shinto). gagaku… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gagaku —   die, , die klassische (ga) Musik (gaku) Japans, Instrumentalmusik mit dazugehörigen Tänzen (Bugaku). Sie entwickelte sich aus den verschiedenen musikalischen Traditionen des asiatischen Festlandes, die im Laufe des 7. Jahrhunderts nach Japan… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gagaku — An ornately painted tsuri daiko, used in gagaku music Gagaku (雅楽, literally elegant music ) is a type of Japanese classical music that has been performed at the Imperial Court in Kyoto for severa …   Wikipedia

  • Gagaku — Le Gagaku * Patrimoine culturel immatériel de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gagaku — El gagaku Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial Nombre descrito en la Lista del Patrimonio Inmaterial …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gagaku —     Refined Music . Ceremonial music (kangen) or music and dancing (bugaku) incorporating Chinese and Indian elements are preserved in the Music department (gakubu) of the Board of Ceremonies of the imperial household and at certain shrines and… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • gagaku — Música cortesana y religiosa tradicional de Japón. Apareció por primera vez en Japón en el s. V importada de Corea y en el s. VIII ya se había establecido en la corte. Aunque subsiste poca música escrita anterior al s. XII, un repertorio musical …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • gagaku — {{#}}{{LM G44663}}{{〓}} {{[}}gagaku{{]}} ‹ga·ga·ku› {{《}}▍ s.m.{{》}} Música japonesa relacionada con cultos religiosos sintoístas …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • gagaku — noun Etymology: Japanese, from ga elegance + gaku music Date: 1929 the ancient court music of Japan …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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