- Frisian Islands
a chain of islands in the North Sea, extending along the coasts of the Netherlands, Germany, and Denmark: includes groups belonging to the Netherlands (West Frisians) and to Germany (East Frisians) and a group divided between Germany and Denmark (North Frisians).
* * *Chain of islands, North Sea.They extend 3 to 20 mi (5 to 32 km) off the northern European mainland, along the Dutch and German coasts and the southern part of Denmark's Jutland peninsula. Although they form a single physical feature, it is customary to subdivide them into the West Frisian Islands (held by The Netherlands), East Frisian Islands (Germany), and North Frisian Islands (Germany and Denmark). After the North Sea established a southwestern outlet to the Atlantic about 7,000–5,000 BC, its southeasterly shore probably coincided with the present curve of the Frisians. Periodic subsidence, storms, and flooding have since produced this long chain of islands separated from the mainland by a narrow belt of shallow waters and tidal mud flats. The Dutch and German governments have spent large sums to protect the islands' seaward coasts and reclaim the land for farming. The beaches and resorts attract many tourists.
* * *▪ islands, Europelow-lying chain of islands from 3 to 20 miles (5 to 32 km) off the northern European mainland. They extend in an arc from near the port of Den Helder (northern Netherlands), eastward along the Dutch and German coasts as far as the Elbe River, and then turn sharply north along the coast of Schleswig-Holstein (Germany) and the southern part of the Jutland Peninsula coast (Denmark). Although they form a single physical feature, it is customary to subdivide them into the West, East, and North Frisian Islands. After the North Sea established a southwestern outlet to the Atlantic about 7,000–5,000 BC, its southeasterly shore probably coincided with the present curve of the Frisians. Periodic subsidence, storms, and flooding have since produced this long chain of islands separated from the mainland by the narrow belt of shallow waters and tidal mud flats generally called wadden in Dutch (German: Watten).Not surprisingly, many Frisian legends and folk songs tell of drowned villages. The Dutch and German governments have spent large sums not only to protect their seaward coasts but also to reclaim the land from the wadden for farming. Fishing, sheep and cattle raising, and rye, oat, and potato growing are the main occupations in most islands; the sandy beaches and resorts attract many tourists. Some inhabitants still speak Frisian (Frisian language), a language related to but distinct from the adjacent Dutch (Dutch language) and Low German dialects.The West Frisian Islands (Dutch: Friese Eilanden), belonging to The Netherlands, include from west to east the inhabited islands of Texel, Vlieland, Terschelling, Ameland, and Schiermonnikoog and the virtually uninhabited group of Simonszand, Boschplaat, Rottumerplaat, and Rottumeroog (Rottum). Extending southeast from the coastal dunes, Texel has an extensive area of polder (land previously under water) reclaimed from the Wadden Sea. Very small polder areas also exist in Terschelling, Ameland, and Schiermonnikoog. Eierland in north Texel is partly a nature reserve in which thousands of seabirds nest. Scattered farmsteads with a few villages are typical of the five main islands.The East Frisian Islands (German: Ostfriesische Inseln) belong to Germany and extend from the Ems River estuary eastward to Jade Channel, the outer part of Jade Bay, with two small islands, Scharhörn and Neuwerk, lying near the estuary of the Elbe River. Smaller than most of the West Frisian group, the main islands from west to east are Borkum, Juist, Norderney, Baltrum, Langeoog, Spiekeroog, and Wangerooge, which have scattered farmsteads and small villages. Scharhörn is uninhabited, whereas Neuwerk has only lighthouse keepers and lifeboat crews. In summer, tourists visit the main islands, and the towns of Nordseebad Borkum and Norderney are popular resorts. Holiday steamers ply the islands' sheltered south coasts, many of which have light railways to carry visitors inland.The North Frisian Islands (German: Nordfriesische Inseln) are divided between Germany and Denmark. Apart from the rocky red sandstone island of Helgoland that stands aloof both in location and geologically, the North Frisian Islands run from Trischen, north of the Elbe estuary, northward along the coasts of Schleswig-Holstein and the Jutland Peninsula to Fanø, near the Danish port of Esbjerg. Until 1634 the present German islands of Nordstrand, Nordstrandischmoor, and Pellworm were part of one large island. A similar situation exists farther north with the German islands of Hooge, Nordmarsch-Langeness, Amrum, Föhr, and Sylt. Still north of these lie the Danish islands of Rømø, Manø, and, lastly, Fanø. Rømø and Sylt are connected to the mainland by long embankments.
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Frisian Islands — island chain in the North Sea, extending along the coast of NW Europe: it is divided into three groups, one belonging to the Netherlands (West Frisian Islands), one belonging to Germany (East Frisian Islands), & one divided between Germany &… … English World dictionary
Frisian Islands — | | | | | | | | | | |The Frisian Islands, also known as the Wadden Islands or Wadden Sea Islands, form an archipelago at the eastern edge of the North Sea in northwestern Europe, stretching from the north west of the Netherlands through Germany… … Wikipedia
Frisian Islands — geographical name islands NW Europe in North Sea including West Frisian Islands (off N Netherlands), East Frisian Islands (off NW Germany), & North Frisian Islands (off NW Germany & Denmark, including Helgoland & Sylt) … New Collegiate Dictionary
Frisian Islands — Fri′sian Is′lands n. pl. geg a chain of islands in the North Sea, extending along the coasts of the Netherlands, Germany, and Denmark: includes groups belonging to the Netherlands (West Frisians) and to Germany(East Frisians) and a group divided… … From formal English to slang
Frisian Islands — /friʒən ˈaɪləndz/ (say freezhuhn uyluhndz) plural noun a chain of islands in the North Sea stretching along the coasts of the Netherlands, Denmark, and Germany; includes groups belonging to the Netherlands (West Frisians) and to Germany (East… … Australian English dictionary
Frisian Islands — noun a chain of islands in the North Sea off the coast of northwestern Europe extending from the IJsselmeer to Jutland • Instance Hypernyms: ↑archipelago • Part Holonyms: ↑Netherlands, ↑The Netherlands, ↑Kingdom of The Netherlands, ↑Nederland, ↑H … Useful english dictionary
Frisian Islands — isl. group, North Sea near Germany, Denmark, and the Netherlands … Webster's Gazetteer
North Frisian Islands — ▪ islands, Europe German Nordfriesische Inseln, Danish Nordfrisiske Øer part of the Frisian Islands, lying in the North Sea just off the coast of northern Europe. They are divided between Germany and Denmark. * * * … Universalium
North Frisian Islands — Geography Location North Sea Total islands 13 Major islands … Wikipedia
East Frisian Islands — Infobox Islands name = East Frisian Islands image caption = image size = 300px locator locator map size = 300px map custom = no native name = Ostfriesische Inseln native name link = German language nickname = location = Wadden Sea coordinates =… … Wikipedia