Frasch process


Frasch process
/frahsh/
a method of mining sulfur by pumping superheated water down into the deposit, thereby melting it so that it can be pumped to the surface.
[after Hermann Frasch, German-born U.S. chemical engineer, who developed it]

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mining
      method of mining deep-lying sulfur invented by the German-born American chemist Herman Frasch (Frasch, Herman). The process involves superheating water to about 170 °C (340 °F) and forcing it into the deposit in order to melt the sulfur (melting point of about 115 °C, or 240 °F), which is lifted to the surface by means of compressed air. The mixture of sulfur and water is then discharged into bins, where the 99 percent pure sulfur is allowed to solidify.

      Frasch first successfully mined sulfur by this process at the Sulfur Mine in Louisiana in 1894. In 1895 the Union Sulphur Company was organized with his help to produce Frasch-process sulfur. Other companies soon began production from deposits located near the Gulf of Mexico in Texas and Louisiana.

      Frasch-process sulfur produced at the Gulf Coast salt domes constituted the major source of U.S. sulfur production and dominated the world market until approximately 1970. At that time sulfur recovered as a by-product of oil refining and natural gas production became significant.

William Andrew Hustrulid
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Frasch process — The Frasch process is a method to extract sulfur from underground deposits. Most of the world s sulfur is obtained this way.Holes are drilled down through the overlying rock into the sulfur deposits. A special series of pipes are then inserted… …   Wikipedia

  • frasch process — ˈfräsh noun or frasch method Usage: usually capitalized F Etymology: after Herman Frasch died 1914 American chemist born in Germany, its inventor : a method of mining deep lying sulfur by forcing into the deposit very hot water and pumping out… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Frasch — may refer to:*North Frisian language *Frasch process, a chemical process used to extract underground sulfur …   Wikipedia

  • Frasch, Herman — ▪ American chemist born Dec. 25, 1851, Gaildorf, Württemberg died May 1, 1914, Paris       U.S. chemist who devised the sulfur mining process named in his honour. The Frasch process, patented in 1891, was first used successfully in Louisiana and… …   Universalium

  • frasch method — noun see frasch process …   Useful english dictionary

  • Herman Frasch — Herman Frasch, Hermann Frasch (December 25, 1851, Oberrot bei Gaildorf, Württemberg May 1, 1914, Paris) was a mining engineer and inventor. In October 20, 1890, he took out three patents for the Frasch Process.He emigrated to the US in 1868. In… …   Wikipedia

  • Industrial process — Industrial processes are procedures involving chemical or mechanical steps to aid in the manufacture of an item or items, usually carried out on a very large scale.Industrial processes are the key components of heavy industry.Most processes make… …   Wikipedia

  • sulfur — /sul feuhr/, n. 1. Also, esp. Brit., sulphur. Chem. a nonmetallic element that exists in several forms, the ordinary one being a yellow rhombic crystalline solid, and that burns with a blue flame and a suffocating odor: used esp. in making… …   Universalium

  • mining — /muy ning/, n. 1. the act, process, or industry of extracting ores, coal, etc., from mines. 2. the laying of explosive mines. [1250 1300; ME: undermining (walls in an attack); see MINE2, ING1] * * * I Excavation of materials from the Earth s… …   Universalium

  • Sulfur — This article is about the chemical element. For other uses, see Sulfur (disambiguation). phosphorus ← sulfur → chlorine …   Wikipedia


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