Franconia


Franconia
/frang koh"nee euh, -kohn"yeuh, fran-/, n.
a medieval duchy in Germany, largely in the valley of the Main River.

* * *

Former duchy, south-central Germany.

Today it is divided between Rhenish Franconia, now located in the Länder (states) of Rhineland-Palatinate, Baden-Württemberg, and Hesse, and East Franconia, now in the Länder of Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria. A medieval duchy, after AD 843 it was the German part of the former Carolingian empire. After the Carolingian line died out, Franconia's duke became the first elected German king, as Conrad I. The duchy was then divided into Rhenish (west) and East Franconia, the latter alone retaining the name of Franconia after the 12th century. The name was abolished in 1806 but revived in 1837 by the kingdom of Bavaria in its subdivisions.

* * *

▪ historical duchy, Germany

      one of the five great stem, or Stamm (tribal), duchies—the other four being Saxony, Lotharingia (Lorraine), Swabia, and Bavaria—of early medieval Germany. Today it is divided between Rhenish Franconia, now located in the Länder (states) of Rhineland-Palatinate, Baden-Württemberg, and Hesse, and East Franconia, now in the Länder of Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria.

      The Franks (Frank) forcibly settled the region from the early 6th century AD, and in the early 8th century the Merovingian dynasty claimed it as a royal demesne (crown land). After the division of the Carolingian empire under the Treaty of Verdun in 843, Franconia became the nucleus of the East Frankish (German) kingdom, and, when the Carolingian line died out, Franconia's duke became the first elected German king as Conrad I (911–918). In 919 the German crown passed to a Saxon dynasty. Franconia remained a royal demesne nurturing no strong ducal dynasty, and their tenure of it provided a support to German kings and Holy Roman emperors. By the 12th century, the name had come to refer only to East Franconia.

      The church was always strong in the region, and its bishoprics included the archbishopric of Mainz (in Rhenish Franconia) and Bamberg and Würzburg (East Franconia). After the mid-13th century, the fragmentation of Franconia into secular and ecclesiastical principalities was accelerated. In 1340 these territories organized the Landfriedensbund (regional peace-keeping league), which served as the basis of the Franconian Kreis (circle, or administrative district) set up in the early 16th century.

      In Napoleon's (Napoleon I) reorganization of Germany, the Franconian region was divided between the kingdoms of Bavaria and Württemberg and the Grand Duchy of Baden. King Louis I of Bavaria revived the use of the name in 1837 by creating the provinces of Upper, Middle, and Lower Franconia, which still form the northwestern corner of the present Land of Bavaria.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Franconia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda …   Wikipedia Español

  • FRANCONIA — sive Francia Orientalis, Germaniae pars ampla, et fere meditullium circa Moenum fluv. extensa. A Sicambris, quibus Valentiniani Caesaris tempore, ob Alanos de victos, Francorum nomen contigit, appellata: huius nominis originem quidam ad Francum,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Franconia — Franconia, VA U.S. Census Designated Place in Virginia Population (2000): 31907 Housing Units (2000): 13509 Land area (2000): 7.145496 sq. miles (18.506749 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000):… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Franconia, VA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Virginia Population (2000): 31907 Housing Units (2000): 13509 Land area (2000): 7.145496 sq. miles (18.506749 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 7.145496 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Franconia — Franconia, 1) (m. Geogr.), s.u. Franken (Herzogthum) 2); 2) (spr. Frankoni e), Städtischer Bezirk mit Postamt (Post township) in der Grafschaft Montgomery des Staates Pennsylvanien (Nordamerika); 1300 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Franconĭa — Franconĭa, seit rund 1050 Name der östlichen Striche des Herzogtums Franken (s.d., S. 828), vereinzelt auch für das ganze Herzogtum gebraucht …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Franconia — Franconia,   latinisierte Form von Franken (Landschaft) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Franconia — [fraŋ kō′nē ə] region of central Germany, a duchy in the Middle Ages Franconian adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • Franconia — For other uses, see Franconia (disambiguation). The Franconian coat of arms …   Wikipedia

  • Franconia — ► Antiguo ducado de Alemania que comprendía toda la cuenca del Main, pero a principios del s. XI le fue segregada la parte occidental, que pasó a constituir el condado palatino del Rin, denominado hoy Palatinado Renano. La parte oriental es la… …   Enciclopedia Universal


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.