Formosa


Formosa
/fawr moh"seuh/, n.
Taiwan.

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 city, capital of Formosa provincia (province), northeastern Argentina, on the western bank of the Paraguay River, southwest of Asunción, Paraguay. It was founded in 1879 during the military conquest of the central Gran Chaco following the defeat of Paraguay in the War of the Triple Alliance (1864–70). It served as a headquarters for the newly established national territory of Gran Chaco (later subdivided into the national territory, then province, of Formosa).

      Formosa is a river port and agricultural processing centre that has experienced rapid growth since the 1960s. Cattle, cotton, and rice are raised nearby. Pop. (2001) 198,074.

      provincia (province), northern Argentina, lying within the Gran Chaco, a vast alluvial plain having poor drainage. It is covered with forests, grasslands, and marshes. Formosa is bordered by Paraguay (north and east). The Pilcomayo, Bermejo, and Paraguay rivers define its northern, southern, and eastern limits, respectively. Río Pilcomayo National Park, with an area of some 190 square miles (500 square km), abuts the Pilcomayo River near the confluence of the Paraguay River; large numbers of indigenous Indians live within the park together with a rich collection of fauna including the maned wolf, La Plata otter, and giant anteater.

      The territory was explored in 1528 by a Spanish expedition led by Sebastian Cabot and Diego García de Moguer. A Jesuit reducción (work mission) established in 1590 was destroyed by Indian raids in 1632. Except for occasional expeditions up the Pilcomayo and Bermejo rivers, the area remained virtually abandoned until 1763 when another reducción was built. Four years later the Jesuits were expelled from the New World, and until after the War of the Triple Alliance (1864–70), Formosa continued to be an extremely remote region visited only by punitive expeditions retaliating against Indian raids. Following the defeat of Paraguay, the disputed territory became officially integrated into Argentina. In 1879 the city of Formosa was founded to serve as the seat for territorial authorities; it is now the provincial capital. Formosa was organized as a national territory in 1884 and became a province in 1955.

      Agriculture (cotton, rice, bananas, and avocados) and cattle raising are the chief economic activities, but both are seriously handicapped by recurrent droughts and floods. A large water-control project on the El Riacho River was begun in the 1970s. Quebracho trees (from which tannin is extracted) grow wild in the forests, providing another source of income. Area 27,825 square miles (72,066 square km). Pop. (2001) 486,559.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Formosa — (Toponym aus port. schön) bezeichnet: Niederländisch Formosa, ehemalige Kolonie der Niederlande Taiwan, eine Insel vor dem chinesischen Festland, früher Ilha Formosa genannt eine Bezeichnung für Tee von der Insel Taiwan (Grün und Oolongtee)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Formosa — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Formosa (palabra que en varios idiomas de la península Ibérica galaicoportugués, gallego, portugués, castellano arcaico significa hermosa [variante: fermosa]) puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Localidades y divisiones… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Formosa TV — Type Free to air nationwide TV Branding FTV …   Wikipedia

  • Formosa — puede referirse a: ● La isla de Formosa, la principal de las que componen (Taiwán) ● La Provincia de Formosa (Argentina) ● Formosa (ciudad), la capital de la provincia argentina * * * Formosa, Feliu Formosa, estrecho de Isla del Pacífico frente a …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Formosa — (Тавира,Португалия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Praça da República nº12 2º andar direito, 8800 …   Каталог отелей

  • Formosa — prop. n. An island off the coast of China, also called {Taiwan}. It was occupied by Japan from 1895 to 1945, when it was returned to Chinese sovereignty. After the Communist revolution which took over the Chinese mainland in 1949, the Nationalist …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Formosa [1] — Formosa (chines. Taiwan), seit 1895 zu Japan gehörige Insel an der Ostküste Chinas (s. Karte »China und Japan«), von dieser durch die Fukiënstraße geschieden, zwischen 21°54 –25°19 nördl. Br. und 120°7 –122° östl. L., 380 km lang, 120 km breit,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Formosa [2] — Formosa, Gouvernement von Argentinien (s. Karte »Argentinien etc.«), zwischen den Flüssen Pilcomayo, Teuco und Bermejo und dem Paraguay, der jene aufnimmt, begrenzt von Bolivia, Paraguay, dem Gouv. Chaco und der Provinz Salta, 118,000 qkm mit… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Formosa — Formosa. Insel, unweit der Südostküste von China, 395 km lang, 123 km breit, Flächeninhalt rund 35.000 km2, wurde im Jahre 1895 von China an Japan abgetreten. Wegen des gebirgigen Charakters des Landes ist der Bau von Eisenbahnen schwierig und… …   Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens

  • Formosa — old name of Taiwan, given by Portuguese, from Port. Formosa insula beautiful island, from fem. of L. formosus beautiful, handsome, finely formed, from forma (see FORM (Cf. form)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • formosa — |ó| s. f. 1. Mulher formosa. 2. Variedade de uva branca. 3.  [Marinha] Uma das velas latinas dos estais …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa


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