flowering plant


flowering plant
a plant that produces flowers, fruit, and seeds; angiosperm.
[1860-65]

* * *

Any of the more than 250,000 species of angiosperms (division Magnoliophyta) having roots, stems, leaves, and well-developed conductive tissues (xylem and phloem).

They are often differentiated from gymnosperms by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (the ovary) within the flower, but this distinction is not always clear-cut. The division is composed of two classes: monocots and dicots (see cotyledon). Monocots have flower parts in threes, scattered conducting strands in the stem, and usually prominent parallel veins in the leaves, and they lack a cambium. Dicots have flower parts in fours or fives, conducting strands arranged in a cylinder, a net-veined pattern in the leaves, and a cambium. Flowering plants reflect an immense diversity in habit, size, and form; they account for more than 300 families growing on every continent, including Antarctica. Flowering plants have adapted to almost every habitat. Most reproduce sexually by seeds via the specialized reproductive organs that are present in all flowers.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Flowering plant — Flowering plants Temporal range: Early Cretaceous Recent …   Wikipedia

  • flowering plant — flow′ering plant′ n. pln a plant that produces flowers, fruit, and seeds; angiosperm • Etymology: 1860–65 …   From formal English to slang

  • flowering plant — noun plants having seeds in a closed ovary • Syn: ↑angiosperm • Derivationally related forms: ↑angiospermous (for: ↑angiosperm) • Hypernyms: ↑spermatophyte, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • flowering plant — noun Any plant that produces flowers and fruit; an angiosperm …   Wiktionary

  • flowering plant — noun Date: 1745 angiosperm …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • flowering plant — noun an angiosperm …   English new terms dictionary

  • non-flowering plant — noun a plant that does not bear flowers • Hypernyms: ↑plant, ↑flora, ↑plant life …   Useful english dictionary

  • Plant physiology — is a subdiscipline of botany concerned with the function, or physiology, of plants.Salisbury, Frank B. Cleon W. Ross, 1992. Plant physiology , 4th ed. (Belmont, California: Wadsworth Publishing). ISBN 0 534 15162 0] Closely related fields include …   Wikipedia

  • plant disease — ▪ plant pathology Introduction       an impairment of the normal state of a plant that interrupts or modifies its vital functions.       All species of plants, wild and cultivated alike, are subject to disease. Although each species is… …   Universalium

  • Plant morphology — (or phytomorphology) is the general term for the study of the morphology (physical form and external structure) of plants. [Raven, P. H., R. F. Evert, S. E. Eichhorn. Biology of Plants , 7th ed., page 9. (New York: W. H. Freeman, 2005). ISBN 0… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.