flight simulator


flight simulator
a device used in pilot and crew training that provides a cockpit environment and sensations of flight under actual conditions.
[1945-50]

* * *

▪ training instrument
      any electronic or mechanical system for training airplane and spacecraft pilots and crew members by simulating flight conditions. The purpose of simulation is not to completely substitute for actual flight training but to thoroughly familiarize students with the vehicle concerned before they undergo expensive and possibly dangerous actual flight training. Simulation also is useful for review and for familiarizing pilots with new modifications to existing craft.

      Two early flight simulators appeared in England within a decade after the first flight of Orville and Wilbur Wright. They were designed to enable pilots to simulate simple aircraft maneuvers in three dimensions: nose up or down; left wing high and right low, or vice versa; and yawing to left or right. It took until 1929, however, for a truly effective simulator, the Link Trainer, to appear, devised by Edwin A. Link, a self-educated aviator and inventor from Binghamton, New York. By then, airplane instrumentation had been developed sufficiently to permit “blind” flying on instruments alone, but training pilots to do so involved considerable risk. Link built a model of an airplane cockpit equipped with instrument panel and controls that could realistically simulate all the movements of an airplane. Pilots could use the device for instrument training, manipulating the controls on the basis of instrument readings so as to maintain straight and level flight or controlled climb or descent with no visual reference to any horizon except for the artificial one on the instrument panel. The trainer was modified as aircraft technology advanced. Commercial airlines began to use the Link Trainer for pilot training, and the U.S. government began purchasing them in 1934, acquiring thousands more as World War II approached.

      Technological advances during the war, particularly in electronics, helped to make the flight simulator increasingly realistic. The use of efficient analog computers (computer) in the early 1950s led to further improvements. Airplane cockpits, controls, and instrument displays had by then become so individualized that it was no longer feasible to use a generalized trainer to prepare pilots to fly anything but the simplest light planes. By the 1950s, the U.S. Air Force was using simulators that precisely replicated the cockpits of its planes. During the early 1960s electronic digital and hybrid computers were adopted, and their speed and flexibility revolutionized simulation systems. Further advances in computer and programming technology, notably the development of virtual-reality simulation, have made it possible to reproduce highly complex real-life conditions.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Flight Simulator — Éditeur subLOGIC pour tous les supports excepté les PC IBM (Microsoft) Développeur subLOGIC Co …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Flight Simulator X — Éditeur Microsoft Games Développeur ACES Studio Date de sortie  France : 13 octobre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Flight Simulator X — Разработчик Microsoft Game Studios Издатель Дата выпуска 17 октября 2006 Платформы …   Википедия

  • Flight Simulator —   [engl.], Flugsimulator …   Universal-Lexikon

  • flight simulator — flight .simulator n a machine used to train pilots that copies closely the movements and conditions that exist when flying an aircraft …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • flight simulator — flight ,simulator noun count a machine used for training pilots that provides an environment and experience like flying an airplane …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Flight simulator — [ twinjet flight simulator] A flight simulator is a system that tries to copy, or simulate, the experience of flying an aircraft. It is as realistic as possible. The different types of flight simulator range from video games up to full size… …   Wikipedia

  • Flight Simulator — Dieser Artikel ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und gute Belege… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Flight Simulator X — Dieser Artikel ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und gute Belege… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • flight simulator — noun simulator consisting of a machine on the ground that simulates the conditions of flying a plane • Syn: ↑trainer • Hypernyms: ↑simulator • Hyponyms: ↑Link trainer * * * ˈflight simulator [flight simulator …   Useful english dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.