fleur-de-lis


fleur-de-lis
/flerr'dl ee", -ees", floor'-/; Fr. /fluerdd deuh lees"/, n., pl. fleurs-de-lis /flerr'dl eez", floor'-/; Fr. /fluerdd deuh lees"/.
1. a heraldic device somewhat resembling three petals or floral segments of an iris tied by an encircling band.
2. the heraldic bearing of the royal family of France.
3. the iris flower or plant.
Also, fleur-de-lys (for defs. 1, 2).
[1300-50; < F; r. ME flourdelis < AF flour de lis, lit., lily flower]

* * *

emblem
French“lily flower”, also spelled  fleur-de-lys,  also called  flower-de-luce 
 stylized emblem or device much used in ornamentation and, particularly, in heraldry, long associated with the French (France) crown. One legend identifies it as the lily given at his baptism to Clovis, king of the Franks (466–511), by the Virgin Mary. The lily was said to have sprung from the tears shed by Eve as she left Eden. From antiquity it has been the symbol of purity and was readily adopted by the Roman Catholic church to associate the sanctity of Mary with events of special significance. Thus, when Pope Leo III in 800 crowned Charlemagne as emperor, he is reported to have presented him with a blue banner covered (semé) with golden fleurs-de-lis.

      That the French kings long used the fleur-de-lis as an emblem of their sovereignty is indisputable. On his seal of 1060, before heraldry became formalized, Philip I sits on his throne holding a short staff that terminates in a fleur-de-lis. A similar staff appears in the Great Seal of Louis VII (1120–1180), whose signet ring was charged with a single fleur-de-lis. Louis VII is believed to have been the first to use azure semé of fleurs-de-lis or (the blazon, or heraldic description, now abbreviated azure semé-de-lis or and designated France Ancient) on his shield, but its use on a banner, and especially on the French royal standard, the Oriflamme, may have been earlier. The reduction to three fleurs-de-lis, today designated as France Modern, was commanded by Charles V in 1376, reportedly in honour of the Holy Trinity.

      The classical shape of the fleur-de-lis, and the shape adopted by most artists today, is shown in the illustration. Between the classical period and the modern period its design was modified by the limitations and taste of craftsmen and their patrons, so that during those centuries now called the heraldic “Decadence” the outlines could be grotesque. During that time there were also attempts to distinguish between small variations, so that commentators wrote of fleur-de-lis au pied coupé or au pied nourri, in which the feet are absent or are replaced by a trapezoidal pedestal. Such variations were introduced at the artist's whim and have no heraldic significance. The one variation that is recognized is the fleur-de-lis remplie, in which the three petals are separated by two stamens, as in the arms of the city of Florence. Some modern artists give the fleur-de-lis a prominent three-dimensional effect, but this is a matter of license and is ignored in blazon. If a lily is represented naturalistically in heraldry, it is called a lis-de-jardin (“garden lily”) to distinguish it from the stylized fleur-de-lis.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fleur de lis — Fleur de lys Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fleur de lys (homonymie). Fleur de lys La fleur de lys …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fleur-de-Lis — Fleur de Lys Die heraldische Lilie ist in der Heraldik eine gemeine Figur, bestehend aus drei stilisierten Blättern, die von einem Band zusammengehalten werden. Das mittlere Blatt ist oben und unten zugespitzt, die äußeren Blätter hängen herab… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fleur-de-lis — Fleur de Lys Die heraldische Lilie ist in der Heraldik eine gemeine Figur, bestehend aus drei stilisierten Blättern, die von einem Band zusammengehalten werden. Das mittlere Blatt ist oben und unten zugespitzt, die äußeren Blätter hängen herab… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fleur de Lis — Fleur de Lys Die heraldische Lilie ist in der Heraldik eine gemeine Figur, bestehend aus drei stilisierten Blättern, die von einem Band zusammengehalten werden. Das mittlere Blatt ist oben und unten zugespitzt, die äußeren Blätter hängen herab… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fleur De Lis — (Бергамо,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Via Giacomo Quarenghi 15, 24122 Бергамо, Итал …   Каталог отелей

  • fleur-de-lis — [flʉr΄də lē′, flʉr΄dəlēs′] n. pl. fleurs de lis [flʉr΄də lē′, flʉr΄dəlēz′, flʉr΄dəlēs′] [altered, after Fr fleur < ME flour de lyce < OFr flor de lis, lit., flower of the lily] 1. IRIS (senses 4 & 5) 2. the coat of arms of the former French …   English World dictionary

  • Fleur-de-lis — n.; pl. {Fleurs de lis}. [F., flower of the lily. Cf. {Flower de luce}, {Lily}.] 1. (Bot.) The iris. See {Flower de luce}. [1913 Webster] 2. A conventional flower suggested by the iris, and having a form which fits it for the terminal decoration …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fleur-de-lis — also fleur de lis, mid 14c., from O.Fr., lit. flower of the lily, especially borne as a heraldic device on the royal arms of France. Perhaps originally representing an iris, or the head of a scepter, or a weapon of some sort …   Etymology dictionary

  • fleur-de-lis — a heraldic lily, is spelt this way for preference rather than fleur de lys or flower de luce (which occurs in AmE). It is pronounced fler dǝ lee, and the plural is fleurs de lis, pronounced the same way …   Modern English usage

  • fleur-de-lis — (also fleur de lys) ► NOUN (pl. fleurs de lis pronunc. same) Art & Heraldry ▪ a stylized lily composed of three petals bound together near their bases. ORIGIN Old French flour de lys flower of the lily …   English terms dictionary

  • Fleur de lis — ● Fleur de lis en France, emblème de la royauté …   Encyclopédie Universelle


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.