fiber


fiber
fiberless, adj.
/fuy"beuhr/, n.
1. a fine, threadlike piece, as of cotton, jute, or asbestos.
2. a slender filament: a fiber of platinum.
3. filaments collectively.
4. matter or material composed of filaments: a plastic fiber.
5. something resembling a filament.
6. an essential character, quality, or strength: people of strong moral fiber.
7. Bot.
a. filamentous matter from the bast tissue or other parts of plants, used for industrial purposes.
b. a slender, threadlike root of a plant.
c. a slender, tapered cell which, with like cells, serves to strengthen tissue.
8. Anat., Zool. a slender, threadlike element or cell, as of nerve, muscle, or connective tissue.
9. Nutrition. Also called bulk, dietary fiber, roughage.
a. the structural part of plants and plant products that consists of carbohydrates, as cellulose and pectin, that are wholly or partially indigestible and when eaten stimulate peristalsis in the intestine.
b. food containing a high amount of such carbohydrates, as whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.
10. Chem. See vulcanized fiber.
11. Optics. See optical fiber.
Also, esp. Brit., fibre.
[1350-1400; 1970-75 for def. 9; ME fibre ( < MF) < L fibra filament]

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fiber — Fi ber, Fibre Fi bre,, n. [F. fibre, L. fibra.] 1. One of the delicate, threadlike portions of which the tissues of plants and animals are in part constituted; as, the fiber of flax or of muscle. [1913 Webster] 2. Any fine, slender thread, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fiber — [fī′bər] n. [Fr fibre < L fibra, akin to filum, thread: see FILE1] 1. a) a slender, threadlike structure that combines with others to form animal or vegetable tissue b) the tissue so formed [muscle fiber] 2. a slender, threadlike structure… …   English World dictionary

  • Fiber — Sf Faser erw. fach. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. fibra, zu der gleichen Grundlage (ig. * gwhis ) wie l. fīlum n. Faden .    Ebenso nndl. fiber, ne. fibre, nfrz. fibre, nschw. fiber, nnorw. fiber; Filet. lateinisch l …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • fiber — 1530s, from Fr. fibre (14c.), from L. fibra a fiber, filament, of uncertain origin, perhaps related to L. filum thread, or from root of findere to split. Fiberboard is from 1897; Fiberglas is 1937, U.S. registered trademark name; and fiber optics …   Etymology dictionary

  • FIBER — animal ἀμφίβιον, idem cum castore, quam vocem vide supra; per universum Pontum plurimus Lutris similis est, animal morsu potentissimum, adeo ut cum hominem invadit, conventum dentium non prius laxet, quam concrepuisse persenserit fracta ossa.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • fiber — [n1] strand of material cilia, cord, fibril, filament, footlet, grain, grit, hair, shred, staple, string, strip, tendril, thread, tissue, tooth, vein, warp, web, woof; concepts 392,428,611,831 fiber [n2] texture essence, fabric, feel, hand, nap,… …   New thesaurus

  • fiber — (Brit. fibre) ► NOUN 1) a thread or filament from which a plant or animal tissue, mineral substance, or textile is formed. 2) a substance formed of fibres. 3) dietary material containing substances such as cellulose, that are resistant to the… …   English terms dictionary

  • Fiber — Fiber. См. Волокнистость. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • Fiber — Fiber, Säugethier, 1) so v.w. Biber; 2) F. Cuv. (Zibethmaus), Gattung der schwimmfüßigen [254] Wühlmäuse; oben u. unten jederseits 3 Backenzähne, von den Seiten zusammengedrückter, dünn bebaarter Schuppenschwanz, halbe Schwimmhäute, mit einem… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Fiber — Fiber, die Bisamratte …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • fiber — index character (personal quality), frame (mood), prowess (bravery) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary


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