Fermanagh


Fermanagh
/feuhr man"euh/, n.
1. a county in SW Northern Ireland. 50,255; 653 sq. mi. (1691 sq. km). Co. seat: Enniskillen.
2. an administrative district including this county. 50,979; 715 sq. mi. (1851 sq. km).

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District (pop., 2001: 57,527), extreme southwestern Northern Ireland.

Located chiefly in the River Erne basin, it was established as a district within the boundaries of the traditional county in 1973; the district seat is Enniskillen. Settled from prehistory, Fermanagh has a scattering of megaliths, cairns, and early Celtic Christian antiquities. Devenish Island, in Lower Lough Erne, is the site of an ancient monastery. During the reign of James I (1603–25), many English Anglicans were settled there. It is one of the most important tourist areas in Northern Ireland.

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Irish  Fear Manach (District of the Monks) 

      district, extreme southwestern Northern Ireland. Formerly a county, Fermanagh was established as a district (within the same boundaries) in 1973. It is bounded by the districts of Dungannon and Omagh to the northeast and by the Republic of Ireland to the west, south, and east. The district lies chiefly in the ruggedly scenic Erne basin, which divides it into two nearly equal sections. The surface is hilly, rising to 2,188 feet (667 metres) on the southern frontier at Cuilcagh. Upper and Lower Lough (lake) Erne stretch from southeast to northwest, being expansions of the River Erne, which enters the district from County Cavan in the Republic of Ireland. Gneiss in the west and metamorphic rock from the Omagh district extend into northern Fermanagh, but limestone is the predominant formation.

      Evidence of prehistoric settlement is indicated by the megaliths and cairns scattered throughout the district. Early Celtic Christian antiquities abound, particularly on the islands in the loughs. Devenish Island, in Lower Lough Erne, is the site of an ancient monastery that has a round tower 81 feet (25 metres) high and a standing cross. During the reign of James I (1603–25), king of Great Britain and Ireland, many English Anglicans were settled here as part of the Plantation of Ulster scheme. At Newtownbutler (now near the Irish republic's border), in 1689, Enniskillen Protestants defeated the Roman Catholic army of James II and began the victorious tradition of the Inniskillings, now represented by two famous regiments in the British army.

      Fermanagh is well known for its antiquities, extensive forests, fishing streams, and numerous limestone caves and is one of the most important tourist areas in Northern Ireland. Much of the local population either works in service industries or raises beef and dairy cattle. Knitwear is manufactured at Enniskillen, the administrative seat of Fermanagh district, and at Lisnaskea. The village of Belleek, at the Irish republic border to the west, has long been associated with fine porcelain . Formerly made from locally quarried feldspar, the industry now depends on clay imports from Cornwall in England and Norway. Agreement between the government of the Irish republic and that of Northern Ireland led to the development, in the mid-1950s, of the hydroelectric capacity of the Erne. A large power station below Belleek generates electricity for the Irish republic and aids flood control and drainage in Northern Ireland. Area 724 square miles (1,876 square km). Pop. (2004 est.) 59,279.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fermanagh — (spr. Fermanao) 1) Grafschaft in[197] der irischen Provinz Ulster; 24,61 QM., grenzt an Donegal, Tyrone, Monaghan, Cavan u. Leitrim (Provinz Connaught); theilweis gebirgig (Slieve Russel); größtentheils sumpfig, von dem Doppelsee Earne, den… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Fermanagh — (spr. fermána), Binnengrafschaft in der irischen Provinz Ulster, grenzt im N. an die Grafschaften Donegal und Tyrone, im O. an Monaghan, im S. an Cavan, im W. an Leitrim und umfaßt 1850,8 qkm (33,6 QM.) mit (1901) 65,243 Einw. (35 auf 1 qkm),… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fermanagh — (spr. förmännĕ), Grafschaft in der irischen Prov. Ulster, 1851 qkm, (1901) 65.243 E.; Leinenweberei; Hauptstadt Enniskillen …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fermanagh — (Fermänäh), irische Grafschaft in der Prov. Ulster, waldig, fruchtbar, wohlangebaut, 35 QM. groß mit 115000 irischen E.; Hauptst. Enniskillen …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Fermanagh —   [fə mænə], Distrikt im südwestlichen Nordirland, 1 669 km2, 50 000 Einwohner, Verwaltungssitz ist Enniskillen; erstreckt sich am Lower Lough Erne und Upper Lough Erne (Erne); Weidewirtschaft, Fremdenverkehr.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Fermanagh — [fər man′ə] 1. former county of SW Northern Ireland: 724 sq mi (1,875 sq km) 2. district in SW Northern Ireland, occupying the same area: 724 sq mi (1,875 sq km); pop. 54,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Fermanagh — Comté de Fermanagh Comté de Fermanagh Contae An Fear Manach [[Image: |175px|Drapeau de Comté de Fermanagh]] …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fermanagh — County Fermanagh Karte Basisdaten Staat: Vereinigtes Königreich Verwaltungssitz: Enniskillen Provinz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • fermanagh — fə(r)ˈmanə adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Fermanagh, county in Northern Ireland : of or from County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland : of the kind or style prevalent in Fermanagh * * * Fermanagh [Fermanagh] …   Useful english dictionary

  • Fermanagh — ► Condado de Gran Bretaña, en Irlanda del Norte; 1 876 km2 y 50 600 h. Cap., Enniskillen. * * * Distrito (pob., 2001: 57.527 hab.) del extremo sudoeste de Irlanda del Norte. Situado mayormente en la cuenca del río Erne, se estableció como tal en… …   Enciclopedia Universal


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