fast


fast
fast1
/fast, fahst/, adj., faster, fastest, adv., faster, fastest, n.
adj.
1. moving or able to move, operate, function, or take effect quickly; quick; swift; rapid: a fast horse; a fast pain reliever; a fast thinker.
2. done in comparatively little time; taking a comparatively short time: a fast race; fast work.
3. (of time)
a. indicating a time in advance of the correct time, as of a clock.
b. noting or according to daylight-saving time.
4. adapted to, allowing, productive of, or imparting rapid movement: a hull with fast lines; one of the fastest pitchers in baseball.
5. characterized by unrestrained conduct or lack of moral conventions, esp. in sexual relations; wanton; loose: Some young people in that era were considered fast, if not downright promiscuous.
6. characterized by hectic activity: leading a fast life.
7. resistant: acid-fast.
8. firmly fixed in place; not easily moved; securely attached.
9. held or caught firmly, so as to be unable to escape or be extricated: an animal fast in a trap.
10. firmly tied, as a knot.
11. closed and made secure, as a door, gate, or shutter.
12. such as to hold securely: to lay fast hold on a thing.
13. firm in adherence; loyal; devoted: fast friends.
14. permanent, lasting, or unchangeable: a fast color; a hard and fast rule.
15. Informal.
a. (of money, profits, etc.) made quickly or easily and sometimes deviously: He earned some fast change helping the woman with her luggage.
b. cleverly quick and manipulative in making money: a fast operator when it comes to closing a business deal.
16. Photog.
a. (of a lens) able to transmit a relatively large amount of light in a relatively short time.
b. (of a film) requiring a relatively short exposure time to attain a given density.
17. Horse Racing.
a. (of a track condition) completely dry.
b. (of a track surface) very hard.
18. pull a fast one, Informal. to play an unfair trick; practice deceit: He tried to pull a fast one on us by switching the cards.
adv.
19. quickly, swiftly, or rapidly.
20. in quick succession: Events followed fast upon one another to the crisis.
21. tightly; firmly: to hold fast.
22. soundly: fast asleep.
23. in a wild or dissipated way.
24. ahead of the correct or announced time.
25. Archaic. close; near: fast by.
26. play fast and loose. See play (def. 76).
n.
27. a fastening for a door, window, or the like.
[bef. 900; ME; OE faest firm; c. D vast, ON fastr firm, G fest; akin to FAST2]
Syn. 1, 2. fleet, speedy. See quick. 5. dissipated, dissolute, profligate, immoral; wild, prodigal. 8. secure, tight, immovable, firm. 9. inextricable. 13. faithful, steadfast. 14. enduring. 21. securely, fixedly, tenaciously. 23. recklessly, wildly, prodigally.
Ant. 1, 2. slow. 5, 6. restrained. 8. loose.
fast2
/fast, fahst/, v.i.
1. to abstain from all food.
2. to eat only sparingly or of certain kinds of food, esp. as a religious observance.
v.t.
3. to cause to abstain entirely from or limit food; put on a fast: to fast a patient for a day before surgery.
n.
4. an abstinence from food, or a limiting of one's food, esp. when voluntary and as a religious observance; fasting.
5. a day or period of fasting.
[bef. 1000; ME fasten, OE faestan; c. G fasten, Goth fastan, ON fasta]
fast3
/fast, fahst/, n.
a chain or rope for mooring a vessel.
[1670-80; alter., by assoc. with FAST1, of late ME fest, perh. n. use of fest, ptp. of festen to FASTEN, or < ON festr mooring rope]

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Fast — Fast, a. [Compar. {Faster}; superl. {Fastest}.] [OE., firm, strong, not loose, AS. f[ae]st; akin to OS. fast, D. vast, OHG. fasti, festi, G. fest, Icel. fastr, Sw. & Dan. fast, and perh. to E. fetter. The sense swift comes from the idea of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fast — fast1 [fast, fäst] adj. [ME < OE fæst, akin to Ger fest, firm, stable < IE base * pasto , fixed, secure > Arm hast] 1. not easily moved, freed, or separated; firm, fixed, or stuck [the ship was fast on the rocks] 2. firmly fastened or… …   English World dictionary

  • Fast — Fast, adv. welches in zwey einander ziemlich entgegen gesetzten Bedeutungen gefunden wird. 1) * Für sehr, in welchem Verstande schon vaste bey dem Stryker vorkommt. Sie war fast schön, 1 Mos. 12, 14. Ihre Sünden sind fast schwer, Kap. 18, 20. Ein …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • Fast — als Abkürzung steht für: First Assistance Samaritian Team, ein Auslandshilfe Team des Arbeiter Samariter Bundes e.V. Fast AQM Scalable TCP, ein Protokoll in der Informatik Fast Search and Transfer, eine norwegische Firma für… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • FAST — als Abkürzung steht für: Fabbrica Automobili Sport Torino, einen von 1919 bis 1925 bestehenden italienischen Automobilproduzenten FAST (Face, Arms, Speech, Time) einen Test zur Erkennung eines Schlaganfalls First Assistance Samaritian Team, ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fast — Fast, adv. [OE. faste firmly, strongly, quickly, AS. f[ae]ste. See {Fast}, a.] 1. In a fast, fixed, or firmly established manner; fixedly; firmly; immovably. [1913 Webster] We will bind thee fast. Judg. xv. 13. [1913 Webster] 2. In a fast or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Fast by — Fast Fast, adv. [OE. faste firmly, strongly, quickly, AS. f[ae]ste. See {Fast}, a.] 1. In a fast, fixed, or firmly established manner; fixedly; firmly; immovably. [1913 Webster] We will bind thee fast. Judg. xv. 13. [1913 Webster] 2. In a fast or …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • FAST — Automated Screen Trading a computerised trading system used for commodity derivatives on LIFFE. Dresdner Kleinwort Wasserstein financial glossary Fast Market London Stock Exchange Glossary * * * ▪ I. fast fast 1 [fɑːst ǁ fæst] adverb …   Financial and business terms

  • FAST — may refer to: * Fasting, abstaining from food * Nacional Fast Clube, a Brazilian football club * A speed racing for dirt horse racetracks * Fast Search Transfer, a Norwegian company focusing on data search technologies * Fast Auroral Snapshot… …   Wikipedia

  • Fast — • Abstinence from food or drink Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Fast     Fast     † Catholic …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Fast — Fast, n. [OE. faste, fast; cf. AS. f[ae]sten, OHG. fasta, G. faste. See {Fast}, v. i.] 1. Abstinence from food; omission to take nourishment. [1913 Webster] Surfeit is the father of much fast. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. Voluntary abstinence from… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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