farthingale


farthingale
/fahr"dhing gayl'/, n.
a hoop skirt or framework for expanding a woman's skirt, worn in the 16th and 17th centuries.
[1545-55; earlier verdynggale < MF verdugale, alter. of OSp verdugado, equiv. to verdug(o) tree-shoot, rod (verd(e) green ( < L viridis) + -ugo n. suffix) + -ado -ADE1; so called from rod used to extend skirt]

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      underskirt expanded by a series of circular hoops (hoop skirt) that increase in diameter from the waist down to the hem and are sewn into the underskirt to make it rigid. The fashion spread from Spain to the rest of Europe from 1545 onward. The frame could be made of whalebone, wood, or wire. The shape was first domed, coned, or bell-like; later it became more like a tub or drum. The fashion persisted in most European courts until 1620, with variations such as the French farthingale—which descended from a round padded bolster—and the Italian, or wheel, farthingale—which tilted upward at the back.

      All these skirts made possible the wider display of patterned silk, taffeta, fustian, or wool with decoration of embroidery, buttons, or jewels. They allowed freedom of movement in dancing but in exaggerated forms were a nuisance in small houses or carriages. Citizens' wives and countrywomen followed the court fashion in modified form.

      The original Spanish farthingale was dark in colour, but elsewhere the fashion became extravagant and gaudy. The frame reappeared in the hooped and panniered dresses of the 18th century and the crinoline and bustle of Victorian times.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Farthingale — is a term applied to any of several structures used under Western European women s clothing in the late fifteenth and sixteenth centuries to support the skirts into the desired shape. Spanish farthingale The Spanish farthingale was a hoop skirt.… …   Wikipedia

  • farthingale — [fär′thiŋ gāl΄] n. [OFr verdugalle, farthingale < Sp verdugado, provided with hoops, farthingale < verdugo, young shoot of a tree, rod, hoop < verde < L viridis, green] 1. a hoop, openwork frame, or circular pad worn under the skirt,… …   English World dictionary

  • Farthingale — Far thin*gale, n. [OE. vardingale, fardingale, fr. OF. vertugale, verdugade, F. vertugade, vertugadin, from Sp. verdugado, being named from its hoops, fr. verdugo a young shoot of tree, fr. verde green, fr. L. viridis. See {Verdant}.] A hoop… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • farthingale — 1550s, from M.Fr. verdugale, from Sp. verdugado hooped, hooped skirt, from verdugo rod, stick, young shoot of a tree, from verde green, from L. viridis (see VERDURE (Cf. verdure)). Originally made from cane hoops or rods …   Etymology dictionary

  • farthingale — ► NOUN historical ▪ a hooped petticoat or circular pad of fabric around the hips, formerly worn under women s skirts to extend and shape them. ORIGIN French verdugale, from Spanish verdugo rod, stick …   English terms dictionary

  • farthingale — noun Etymology: modification of Middle French verdugale, from Old Spanish verdugado, from verdugo young shoot of a tree, from verde green, from Latin viridis more at verdant Date: 1552 a support (as of hoops) worn especially in the 16th century… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • farthingale — noun A hooped structure worn beneath a skirt around the sixteenth century …   Wiktionary

  • farthingale — n. hoop skirt (fashionable in the 1500 s) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • farthingale — [ fα:δɪŋgeɪl] noun historical a hooped petticoat or circular pad of fabric formerly worn under women s skirts to extend and shape them. Origin C16: from Fr. verdugale, alt. of Sp. verdugado, from verdugo rod, stick …   English new terms dictionary

  • farthingale — n. Crinoline, hoop, hoop skirt …   New dictionary of synonyms


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