Cyn·os·ceph·a·lae (sĭn'ə-sĕfʹə-lē, sī'nə-)
Two hills of southeast Thessaly in northeast Greece. The Theban general Pelopidas was killed in battle here (364 B.C.). Later (197) the Roman general Flaminius decisively defeated Philip V of Macedon at Cynoscephalae.

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      (Greek: “Dogs' Heads”), ancient range of hills in Thessaly, Greece, 7 miles (11 km) west of modern Vólos. It was the site of the victory (197 BC) that ended the Second Macedonian War when the Romans under Titus Quinctius Flamininus defeated Philip V of Macedon. The combat engaged about 26,000 men on each side. The outcome hung in the balance, each side prevailing on its own right wing, until a detachment led by an unknown Roman tribune cut through the flank and rear of the Macedonian right. Philip fled, leaving 8,000 dead and 5,000 captured. An earlier, less-celebrated battle that was fought there resulted in the triumph of the Theban general Pelopidas over Alexander, tyrant of Pherae, in 364 BC.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cynoscephalae — n. 1. the battle that ended the second Macedonian War (197 BC); the Romans defeated King Philip of Macedon. Syn: battle of Cynoscephalae. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • CYNOSCEPHALAE — vide Cynos Cephale …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Cynoscephalae — noun 1. the fields in Thessaly where in 197 BC the Romans defeated the Macedonians • Instance Hypernyms: ↑region, ↑part • Part Holonyms: ↑Thessalia, ↑Thessaly 2. the battle that ended the second Macedonian War (197 BC); the Romans defeated Philip …   Useful english dictionary

  • Battle of Cynoscephalae — For the earlier battle fought here, see Battle of Cynoscephalae (364 BC). Battle of Cynoscephalae Part of the Second Macedonian War …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Cynoscephalae (364 BC) — For the later, and more well known battle fought here, see Battle of Cynoscephalae. Infobox Military Conflict caption= conflict=Battle of Cynoscephalae partof= date=364 BC place= result=Indecisive combatant1=Thebes combatant2=Thessaly… …   Wikipedia

  • battle of Cynoscephalae — noun the battle that ended the second Macedonian War (197 BC); the Romans defeated Philip V who lost his control of Greece • Syn: ↑Cynoscephalae • Regions: ↑Thessalia, ↑Thessaly • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pitched battle …   Useful english dictionary

  • КИНОСКЕФАЛЫ —    • Cynoscephălae,          Κυνος κεφαλαί, несколько крутых и скалистых холмов, похожих на собачьи головы, близ Скотуссы в Фессалии, у которых в 365 г. до Р. X., был убит Пелопид наемниками Александра Ферского (Plut. Pelop. 32), а в 197 г. царь …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • Киноскефалы — (Cynoscephalae) 1. Войны древнегреческих городов государств Место сражения в июле 364 до Р. X., в котором участвовали фиванцы и фессалийцы под командованием Пелопида и войско тирана Александра Ферского. Обе стороны стремились захватить… …   Энциклопедия битв мировой истории

  • Phalanx formation — Phalanx redirects here. For other uses, see Phalanx (disambiguation). The phalanx (Ancient Greek: φάλαγξ, Modern Greek: φάλαγγα, phālanga; plural phalanxes or phalanges; Ancient and Modern Greek: φάλαγγες, phālanges) is a rectangular mass… …   Wikipedia

  • Thessalia — noun a fertile plain on the Aegean Sea in east central Greece; Thessaly was a former region of ancient Greece • Syn: ↑Thessaly • Members of this Region: ↑Cynoscephalae, ↑battle of Cynoscephalae • Instance Hypernyms: ↑geographical area, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

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